Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 568–579 | Cite as

Temperature and silicate are significant driving factors for the seasonal shift of dominant diatoms in a drinking water reservoir

  • Yun Zhang
  • Chengrong Peng
  • Jun Wang
  • Shun Huang
  • Yao Hu
  • Jinli Zhang
  • Dunhai LiEmail author


The individual or combined effect of water temperature and silicate on seasonal shift of dominant diatom species in a drinking water reservoir in China was studied in this paper. These effects were analyzed based on the field investigation of temporal dynamics in species composition and abundance of phytoplankton and environmental factors from September 2015 to August 2016. We firstly found that six dominant diatom species ( Fragilaria nanana, Achnanthidium catenatum, Aulacoseira ambigua, Ulnaria ulna, Cyclotella meneghiniana and Asterionella formosa (Class Bacillariophyceae)), which accounted for 98.7% of the total abundance of diatoms and 46.8% of the total abundance of phytoplankton, showed an obvious seasonal succession. Then significant driving factors for seasonal shift of the dominant diatom species were selected by Redundancy Analysis. The result showed that water temperature and silicate were the main environmental factors affecting the growth of diatoms on temporal scales. Next, the regressions of water temperature and silicate and dominant diatom abundance were fitted in Generalized Additive Model separately, and the smoothers of water temperature and diatom species suggested that the dominant diatom species adapted to different optimum temperature ranges, which corresponded with the growth of seasonal changes. A positive linear correlation between silicate and diatom abundance was generated by Generalized Additive Model. Finally, the ordinal controls of water temperature and silicate on the growth of diatoms were analyzed on temporal scales specifically. We suggested that water temperature and silicate controlling the growth of diatoms in order. Diatoms grow well only when the two controlling factors simultaneously satisfy the growth conditions; as limiting factors, the two factors played their respective limiting roles in turn on temporal scales.


diatom drinking water reservoir seasonal succession silicate water temperature 


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We would like to thank the Jinshahe Reservoir Management Office for its cooperation in sampling. We are grateful to ZHANG Fengge, LI Lu, ZHOU Weicheng, GAO Xiang and LI Shuangshuang for their assistance during the field survey.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chengrong Peng
    • 1
  • Jun Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shun Huang
    • 1
  • Yao Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinli Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dunhai Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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