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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 2181–2193 | Cite as

Hydrochemistry of the meltwater streams on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica

  • Liping Ye (叶利萍)
  • Ruifeng Zhang (张瑞峰)Email author
  • Qizhen Sun (孙启振)
  • Jie Jin (金杰)
  • Jing Zhang (张经)
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

King George Island, situated in the South Shetland Islands archipelago, is one of the most visited sites in Antarctica. Antarctica attracts much attention because it is one of the most sensitive areas under the influence of global warming. To understand its hydrochemistry characteristics, we collected various types of water samples, including samples from streams, meltwaters, ground waters, snow and ice from around the Great Wall Station, Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, from January to February, 2015. Major ions, alkalinities, silicate, pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, and electric conductivities were measured. Several approaches were applied to identify processes that affect the hydrochemistry on Fildes Peninsula, including ternary diagrams, principal components analysis and cluster analysis. Our data suggest that atmospheric seasalt deposition is the main factor controlling the hydrochemistry on Fildes Peninsula. After atmospheric influences were corrected for seasalt, we defined the weathering of local rocks to be another important factor on the Peninsula’s hydrochemistry. Processes such as Ca dissolution from the Ca-bearing basalt, Si loss through secondary mineralization and biological uptake influence the chemical composition of runoffs on the peninsula. Cluster analysis identified 4 groups of streams based on their hydrochemical features, which reflect their original weathering characters under icecap and the combined effects with melt snow, biological activity and the anthropogenic input.

Keyword

hydrochemistry runoffs seasalt water-rock interaction Fildes Peninsula Antarctica 

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343_2019_7193_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (666 kb)
Hydrochemistry of the meltwater streams on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liping Ye (叶利萍)
    • 1
  • Ruifeng Zhang (张瑞峰)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qizhen Sun (孙启振)
    • 3
  • Jie Jin (金杰)
    • 1
  • Jing Zhang (张经)
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal ResearchEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Institute of OceanographyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Polar Research and ForecastNational Marine Environmental Forecasting CenterBeijingChina

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