Advertisement

Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 1950–1961 | Cite as

Seasonal variations of phosphorus species in the Tuohe River, China. Part I. Sediments

  • Qing Xu (徐青)
  • Xiaoping Yu (余晓平)
  • Yafei Guo (郭亚飞)
  • Tianlong Deng (邓天龙)Email author
  • Yu-Wei Chen
  • Nelson Belzile
Special Issue on Salt Lakes: From the 13th International Conference on Salt Lake Research Ulan-Ude, 20–25 August 2017 Guest editors: Aharon OREN, DENG Tianlong, Nikolai V. SHADRIN, ZHENG Mianping, Egor S. ZADEREEV
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

Sediment cores were collected at an upstream site (Jintang) and a downstream site (Neijiang) in summer and winter in the Tuohe River, which is one of the five largest tributaries of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River in China. A sequential leaching procedure was applied to determine the concentrations of the different forms of solid phosphorus, including exchangeable phosphorus (Exc-P) as well as phosphorus associated with iron oxides (Fe-P), with aluminum oxides (Al-P), with apatite (Ca-P) and with the residual fraction (Res-P), as correlated with water content and total organic carbon. The seasonal variations and the vertical distributions of phosphorus species in sediments at both sampling sites demonstrated that: 1) total phosphorus (TP) in summer and winter were ranged between 1 313–2 330, 1 491–2 228 mg/kg in Jintang and 543–2 128, 603–1 175 mg/kg in Neijiang, respectively. It can predicated the pollution of TP in Jintang is serious than that in Neijiang both in summer and winter; 2) total inorganic phosphorus (TIP) was the dominant form of TP; 3) Ca-P was the main chemical forms of TIP in the sediments. Based on the profiles in sediments and bio-available phosphorus data, it revealed that bio-available phosphorus (BAP) represented only a minor portion (0.61%–3.59%) of TP, and the vertical distribution of soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) in corresponding porewaters was more abundant in the upper layer of the sediment, which suggests that BAP may be converted to non-bioavailable phosphorus in deeper layer of the sediment of this dynamic system.

Keyword

phosphorus species vertical distribution seasonal variation Tuohe River 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

Thanks to Dr. WU Y., Ms. WANG S. and Ms. ZHANG R. at Chengdu University of Technology for their active assistance in this work.

References

  1. Fang T H. 2004. Phosphorus speciation and budget of the East China Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 24 (12): 1 285–1 299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Herlihy M, McGrath D. 2007. Phosphorus fractions and adsorption characteristics in grassland soils of varied soil phosphorus status. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 77 (1): 15–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hou L J, Liu M, Yang Y, Ou D N, Lin X, Chen H, Xu S Y. 2009. Phosphorus speciation and availability in intertidal sediments of the Yangtze Estuary, China. Applied Geochemistry, 24 (1): 120–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Huang Q H, Wang D H, Wang C X, Ma M, Wang Z J. 2004. Vertical variation of the phosphorus form in the sediments of Meiliang Bay and Wuli lake of Taihu lake. China Environmental Science, 24 (2): 147–150. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  5. Igwe C A, Zarei M, Stahr K. 2010. Fe and Al oxides distribution in some ultisols and inceptisols of southeastern Nigeria in relation to soil total phosphorus. Environmental Earth Sciences, 60 (5): 1 103–1 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kleeberg A, Herzog C, Hupfer M. 2013. Redox sensitivity of iron in phosphorus binding does not impede lake restoration. Water Research, 47 (3): 1 491–1 502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Li J, Liu C Q, Wang S L, Zhu Z Z, Zhou Z H, Xiao H Y. 2004. Distribution characteristics of different forms of phosphorus in surficial sediments from Wuli, Taihu Lake, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 24 (4): 405–410. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  8. Liu L Y, Gao X J, Chen Z M, Song Z G. 2005. Distribution and forms of phosphorus in intertidal sediments of the Yangtze Estuary. Journal of Fudan University ( Natural Science ), 44 (6): 1 033–1 036. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  9. Lund J W. 1967. Eutrophication. Nature, 214: 557–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Młynarczyk N, Bartoszek M, Polak J, Sułkowski W W. 2013. Forms of phosphorus in sediments from the Goczałkowice Reservoir. Applied Geochemistry, 37: 87–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pang Y. 2004. Studies on the Phosphorus Forms and Character of Phosphorus Adsorption in the Sediment of Five Big Lakes. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China, 52p. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  12. Ryther J H, Yentsch C S. 1957. The estimation of phytoplankton production in the ocean from chlorophyll and light data. Limnology and Oceanography, 2 (3): 281–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sekula–Wood E, Benitez–Nelson C R, Bennett M A, Thunell R. 2012. Magnitude and composition of sinking particulate phosphorus fluxes in Santa Barbara Basin, California. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26 (2): GB2023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wang Q, Jiang X, Jin X C, Xu Y H. 2006. Distribution of phosphorus and bio–available phosphorus forms and their relationship in the sediments from different regions of Lake Taihu. Journal of Lake Sciences, 18 (2): 120–126. (in Chinese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Xiang S L, Zhou W B. 2011. Phosphorus forms and distribution in the sediments of Poyang Lake, China. International Journal of Sediment Research, 26 (2): 230–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Xu Q, Guo Y F, Deng T L, Cheng Y W, Belzile N. Seasonal variations of phosphorus species in the Tuo River, China. Part II. Overlying and porewaters. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology (under review).Google Scholar
  17. Yang B, Liu S M, Zhang G L. 2018. Geochemical characteristics of phosphorus in surface sediments from the continental shelf region of the northern South China Sea. Marine Chemistry, 198: 44–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zhang L, Fan C X, Zhu G W, Wang J J. 2006. Distribution of bioavailable phosphorus (BAP) in lake sediments of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Journal of Lake Sciences, 18 (1): 36–42. (in Chinese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Zhao Z H, Zhang N M, Hu X W, Bao L, Xia Y S. 2017. Effects of composition and structure of natural organic matter on phosphorus fractions in sediment from Lake Yangzonghai, Yunnan Province. Journal of Lake Sciences, 29 (2): 308–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zhu G W, Qin B Q. 2003. Chemical sequential extraction of phosphorus in lake sediments. Journal of Agro–Environment Science, 22 (3): 349–352. (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Xu (徐青)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoping Yu (余晓平)
    • 1
  • Yafei Guo (郭亚飞)
    • 1
  • Tianlong Deng (邓天龙)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu-Wei Chen
    • 3
  • Nelson Belzile
    • 3
  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, College of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceTianjin University of Sciences and EngineeringTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of Architecture and Civil EngineeringChengdu UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryLaurentian UniversitySudbury, OntarioCanada

Personalised recommendations