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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 1280–1293 | Cite as

Seasonal phenology of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) in Jiaozhou Bay and adjacent coastal Yellow Sea, China

  • Weicheng Wang (王卫成)
  • Song Sun (孙松)
  • Xiaoxia Sun (孙晓霞)
  • Fang Zhang (张芳)
  • Guangtao Zhang (张光涛)
  • Mingliang Zhu (朱明亮)
Ecology
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

Seasonal variations in numerical abundance, cell diameter and population carbon biomass of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans were studied for 10 years from 2004 to 2013 in Jiaozhou Bay and adjacent coastal Yellow Sea, China, and their ecological functions were evaluated. In both areas, N. scintillans occurred throughout the year and demonstrated an essentially similar seasonality; the cell abundance increased rapidly from the winter minimum to an annual peak in late spring and early summer, and decreased gradually toward the autumn-winter minimum. The peak abundance differed by years, and there was no consistent trend in long-term numerical variations. The cell diameter also showed a seasonal fluctuation, being larger in spring and early summer than the other seasons. Estimated carbon biomass of N. scintillans population reached to a peak as high as 90.3 mg C/m3, and occasionally exceed over phytoplankton and copepod biomass. Our results demonstrate that N. scintillans in northwestern Yellow Sea displays the seasonal phenology almost identical to the populations in other temperate regions, and play important trophic roles as a heterotroph to interact with sympatric phytoplankton and copepods.

Keyword

cell size biomass copepods phytoplankton ZooScan 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

We sincerely thank Prof. S. Uye, Hiroshima University, for investing his time and effort in revising this manuscript. We are grateful for all the staff of Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station for their valuable helps with field work and collecting the samples. Thanks are due also to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weicheng Wang (王卫成)
    • 1
    • 3
  • Song Sun (孙松)
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xiaoxia Sun (孙晓霞)
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Fang Zhang (张芳)
    • 1
    • 3
  • Guangtao Zhang (张光涛)
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mingliang Zhu (朱明亮)
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental ScienceQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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