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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 676–686 | Cite as

Biogeochemical conversion of sulfur species in saline lakes of Steppe Altai

  • Svetlana V. Borzenko
  • Marina N. Kolpakova
  • Stepan L. Shvartsev
  • Vitaly P. Isupov
Article

Abstract

The aim of the present research is to identify the main mechanisms of sulfur behavior in saline lakes in the course of time and followed transformations in their chemical composition. The influence of water on chemical composition of biochemical processes involved in decomposition of organic matter was determined by the study of behavior of reduced forms of sulfur in lakes. The determination of reduced forms of sulfur was carried out by successive transfer of each form of sulfur to hydrogen sulfide followed by photometric measurements. The other chemical components were determined by standard methods (atomic absorption, potentiometric method, titration method and others). The salt lakes of the Altai steppe were studied in summer season 2013–2015. Analysis of the chemical composition of the saline lakes of Altai Krai has shown that carbonate-, hydrocarbonate- and chloride ions dominate among anions; sodium is main cation; sulfates are found in subordinate amounts. Reduced forms of sulfur occur everywhere: hydrogen and hydrosulfide sulfur S2- prevail in the bottom sediments; its derivative—elemental S0 —prevails in the lakes water. The second important species in water of soda lakes is hydrosulfide sulfur S2-, and in chloride lakes is thiosulfate sulfur S2 O32-. The lag in the accumulation of sulfates in soda lakes in comparison to chloride lakes can be explained by their bacterial reduction, followed by the formation and deposition of iron sulfides in sediments. In chloride lakes gypsum is a predominantly barrier for sulfates.

Keyword

saline lake sulfate reduction gypsum Altai 

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetlana V. Borzenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marina N. Kolpakova
    • 2
    • 3
  • Stepan L. Shvartsev
    • 3
    • 4
  • Vitaly P. Isupov
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology, SiberianBranch of Russian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia
  2. 2.Sobolev Institute of Geology and MineralogySiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.National Research Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussia
  4. 4.Tomsk Department of the Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum-Gas Geology and GeophysicsSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Solid State Chemistry and MechanochemistrySiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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