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Applied Physics B

, 125:231 | Cite as

Robust design of diffractive optical elements for forming flat-top beams with extended depth of focus

  • Andra Naresh Kumar ReddyEmail author
  • Vishwa Pal
Article
  • 149 Downloads

Abstract

Robust designs of single-diffractive optical elements (DOEs) on forming flat-top beams with extended depth of focus for different wavelengths and beam sizes are presented. The design process includes spatial Fourier filtering that results in a smooth DOE phase profile, for converting a Gaussian incident beam with arbitrary phase distribution (random/spherical) into a flat-top beam with extended depth of focus. We show that the depth of focus increases with the decrease in wavelength as well as with the increase in beam waist. We also determined the errors caused by decentering and tilting of the DOEs.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Nir Davidson and Asher A. Friesem for useful discussions. We wish to acknowledge the support from Magnet Project on Advanced Laser Technology for Industrial Applications (ALTIA), ISIRD Grant from Indian Institute of Technology Ropar (Grant no.: 9-320/2018/IITRPR/3255), the Israel Science Foundation (Grant no.: 1881/17), and the United States–Israel Binational Science Foundation (Grant no.: 2105509). Corresponding author (ANKR) is thankful to the Dean’s postdoctoral fellowship of the FGS, Weizmann Institute of Science that has supported the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics of Complex SystemsWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of Technology RoparRupnagarIndia

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