Thermally induced optical nonlinearity in colloidal alloy nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation
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Colloidal suspension of alloy nanoparticles has been prepared and their third-order nonlinear optical response was investigated by means of the Z-scan technique, employing 532 nm continuous wave laser excitation. Alloys colloidal suspension of industrial grade brass, aluminium, and copper was prepared via laser ablation in liquid technique. FESEM analysis reveals the particles size of less than 102.33 nm on average. The magnitude and sign of the nonlinear refraction, n2 and nonlinear absorption, β were determined. It was observed from the closed aperture Z-scan that all the suspensions exhibited a self-focusing effect with a negative nonlinear refractive index, n2, attributed to thermal lensing effect. Colloids of brass possess highest n2 followed by copper and aluminium suspension, attributed to the thermally agitated process whereby heat is transferred into non-local region of the propagation axis. Open Z-scan results revealed that the brass suspension exhibited saturable absorption (SA) with significant negative β value. Aluminium and copper alloy NPs suspension rather shows reverse saturable absorption with a positive β value. These materials were found to exhibit significant nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption behaviour, making them possible candidates for photonic and/or optoelectronic applications, especially with low powered continuous wave laser excitation.
The authors would like to thank the Malaysia Ministry of Education and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia for their financial support through Tier 1 with vote 18H67. Special thanks also to Universiti Teknologi Malaysia for the postdoctoral scheme under vote number 04E08 for the first author.
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