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Applied Physics B

, 125:20 | Cite as

Retraction Note to: Mode-competition phenomena among longitudinal modes in semiconductor lasers under the effect of external optical feedback

  • Sazzad M. S. ImranEmail author
  • Nahid Hassan
  • Silvia Rahman
  • Mostasim Billah Meshuk
Retraction Note
  • 237 Downloads

1 Retraction Note to: Applied Physics B (2018) 124:220  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-018-7088-5

The authors have retracted the original article because the article shows significant overlap with a previously published article by Ahmed and Yamada [1]. All authors agree to this retraction.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Ahmed, M. Yamada, Influence of instantaneous mode competition on the dynamics of semiconductor lasers. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 682–693 (2002).  https://doi.org/10.1109/JQE.2002.1005419 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sazzad M. S. Imran
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nahid Hassan
    • 1
  • Silvia Rahman
    • 1
  • Mostasim Billah Meshuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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