Mid-infrared second-harmonic generation in ultra-thin plasmonic metasurfaces without a full-metal backplane
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We report the design and operation of a nonlinear intersubband polaritonic metasurface for mid-infrared second harmonic generation. The metasurface is made of plasmonic nanoresonators filled with a multiple-quantum-well semiconductor heterostructure. Unlike the previously reported nonlinear intersubband polaritonic metasurfaces that employ full-metal backplanes below the etched metal–semiconductor nanoresonators, the metasurface reported here employs an incomplete backplane that is complementary to the pattern of the top metallization of the etched semiconductor heterostructure nanoresonators. The new approach produces high-electric-field localization and enhancement in the nanoresonators, while requiring simplified fabrication and allowing the metasurface to operate in both transmission and reflection regimes.
Parts of this work were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering and performed, in part, at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, an Office of Science User Facility operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-mission laboratory managed and operated by National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-NA0003525.
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