Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Synthesis, growth and physicochemical characterization of 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3,4 dimethoxybenzoate, a novel organic nonlinear optical single crystal

  • 7 Accesses

Abstract

In our work, a novel organic single crystal, 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3,4-dimethoxybenzoate (8-HDMB) was synthesized by the slow evaporated solution growth technique that uses ethanol: acetone as a mixed solvent. The crystal structure, cell dimensions, and space group were experimentally determined using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique where the 8-HDMB compound crystallizes in the triclinic crystal system. The presence of various functional groups and their vibrational modes were confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and laser Raman spectroscopic analyses. The optical transparency was examined within the wavelength range of 100–800 nm and the energy-gap was calculated. Moreover, the linear optical studies provide information about the wide transparency window in the UV region with the 306 nm as the lower cut off wavelength and 3.65 eV as the optical bandgap. The thermal stability of 8-HDMB was found to be up to 130 °C, while the mechanical properties by the Vickers microhardness test confirmed for its hardness against the applied loads. Further, the quantitative and qualitative analysis provided the photoluminescence properties and with the use of the Kurtz–Perry powder procedure, the enhanced SHG (second harmonic generation) efficiency of 8-HDMB grown crystal was investigated.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    P.N. Prasad, D.J. Williams, Introduction to nonlinear optical effect in molecules and polymers (Wiley, New York, 1991)

  2. 2.

    C. Bosshard, K. Sutter, P. Pretre, J. Hulliger, M. Flörsheimer, P. Kaatz, P. Günter, Organic nonlinear optical materials (Gordon and Breach, Basel, 1995)

  3. 3.

    R.W. Munn, C.N. Ironside, Principles and Applications of Nonlinear Optical Materials (Chapman & Hall, London, 1993)

  4. 4.

    T. Kaino, B. Cai, K. Takayama, Adv. Func. Mater. 12, 599 (2002)

  5. 5.

    M. Thakur, J. Xu, A. Bhowmilk, L. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 635 (1999)

  6. 6.

    J. Zyss (ed.), Molecular Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Physics, and Devices (Academic Press, New York, 1994)

  7. 7.

    S. Suresh, A. Ramanand, D. Jayaraman, P. Mani, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 30, 175–183 (2012)

  8. 8.

    S. Suresh, Optik Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 125(3), 950–953 (2014)

  9. 9.

    D. Prabha, V. Sathyanarayanamoorthi, Mater. Res. Innov. 23, 155–165 (2019)

  10. 10.

    V. Krishnakumar, R. Nagalakshmi, P. Janaki, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 61, 1097–1103 (2005)

  11. 11.

    R. Thirumurugan, B. Babu, K. Anitha, J. Chandrasekaran, Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 140, 44–53 (2015)

  12. 12.

    N. Sudharsana, V. Krishnakumar, R. Nagalakshmi, J. Crystal Growth Synthesis 398, 45–57 (2014)

  13. 13.

    M. Amalanathan, V.K. Rastogi, I.H. Joe, M.A. Palafox, R. Tomar, Spectrochim. Acta Part A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 78, 1437–1444 (2011)

  14. 14.

    R.M. Silverstein, F.X. Webster, D.J. Kiemle, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (Wiley, New York, 2005), pp. 87–118

  15. 15.

    N.B. Colthup, L.H. Daly, S.E. Wiberley, in Introduction to Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy (Academic Press, New York, 1964), p. 221

  16. 16.

    E.M. Onitsch, Microskopie 2, 131–151 (1947)

  17. 17.

    G. Bhagavannarayana, B. Riscob, M. Shakir, Mater. Chem. Phys. 126, 20 (2011)

  18. 18.

    G.O. Reddy, K.S. Ravikumar, Thermochim. Acta 198, 147–165 (1992)

  19. 19.

    S.K. Kurtz, T.T. Perry, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3798 (1968)

Download references

Acknowledgements

The King Saud University authors are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University for funding through Vice Deanship of Scientific Research Chairs.

Author information

Correspondence to Suresh Sagadevan.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Archana, R., Sudhahar, S., Sagadevan, S. et al. Synthesis, growth and physicochemical characterization of 8-hydroxyquinolinium 3,4 dimethoxybenzoate, a novel organic nonlinear optical single crystal. Appl. Phys. A 126, 188 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-020-3366-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • 8-Hydroxyquinolinium 3,4-dimethoxybenzoate
  • X-ray diffraction
  • Laser Raman spectroscopy
  • Nonlinear optical studies
  • Thermal studies
  • Microhardness