Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, 125:652 | Cite as

Electro-crystallized SnO2 nanoparticles for river-water heavy-metal ion pollutant removal process

  • Seyedeh Zeinab Shahanshahi
  • Saba MosivandEmail author
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

SnO2 nanoparticles were electro-crystallized in an electrochemical cell containing two tin electrodes, and an electrolyte solution of C4H12Cl and the effect of growth conditions has been studied on their structural properties. The XRD patterns confirmed the formation of tetragonal tin dioxide at 700 °C. SEM images showed the mean particle size ranges from 12 to 35 nm, depending on growth conditions. The particles synthesized at 25 V, 55 °C, and 0.004 M with mean size of about 12 nm are the smallest particles. The band gap of SnO2 nanoparticles is found to be 4.2 eV. The removal of cobalt and cadmium from laboratory water and Seimareh and Karoon rivers in Iran has been investigated. The results showed that in the optimal removal conditions; 10 V, pH of 13, initial heavy metals’ concentration of 100 mg/L and reaction time of 30 and 50 min, the removal efficiency of cadmium and cobalt is 100% and 99.95%, respectively.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge Lorestan University for financial support.

Supplementary material

339_2019_2949_MOESM1_ESM.docx (100 kb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 100 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    P. Xu, G.M. Zeng, D.L. Huang, C.L. Feng, S. Hu, M.H. Zhao, C. Lai, Z. Wei, C. Huang, G.X. Xie, Z.F. Liu, Sci. Total Environ. 424, 1 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Xu, G. Zeng, D. Huang, S.C. Feng, C. Lai, M. Zhao, C. Huang, N. Li, Z. Wei, G. Xie, Colloid Surf. A 419, 147 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.S. Obaid, D.K. Gaikwad, M.I. Sayyed, K. Al-Rashdi, P.P. Pawar, Mater. Today Proc. 5, 17930 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.C. Prathna, S. Kumar Sharma, M. Kennedy, Sep. Purif. Technol. 199, 260 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Lindsay, W. Anderson, H. Krkošek, K. Amina, B. Stoddart, F. Trueman, G.A. Gagnon, Environ. Sci. Technol. 51, 1414 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.A. Barakat, Arab. J. Chem. 4, 361 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Naushad, Z. Al-Othman, M. Islam, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 10(3), 567 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Naushad, T. Ahamad, Z.A. Al-Othman, M. AliShar, N.S. AlHokbany, S.M. Alshehri, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 29, 78 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Naushad, Z.A. Al-Othman, G. Sharma, Ionics 21(5), 1453 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Shahat, M. Rabiul Awual, M. Naushad, Chem. Eng. J. 271, 155 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Naushad, A. Mittal, M. Rathore, V. Gupta, Desalin. Water Treat. 54, 2883 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Mosivand, I. Kazeminezhad, S. Piri Fathabad, Microchem. J. 146, 534 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Hua, S. Zhang, B. Pan, W. Zhang, L. Lv, Q. Zhang, J. Hazard. Mater. 211–212, 317 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. Krstić, T. Urošević, B. Pešovski, Chem. Eng. Sci. 192, 273 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Chen, A. Xie, S. You, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 301, 012160 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Fan, J. Hu, R. Cao, W. Ruan, X. Wei, Chemosphere 200, 330 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. Kazeminezhad, S. Mosivand, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 422, 84 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Mosivand, L.M.A. Monzon, I. Kazeminezhad, A. Kumar, J.M.D. Coey, Environ. Sci. Water Res. Technol. 4, 2179 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Piri Fathabad, S. Mosivand, I. Kazeminezhad, J. Electron. Mater. 47, 7034 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Mosivand, I. Kazeminezhad, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 29, 12466 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Mosivand, I. Kazeminezhad, RSC Adv. 5, 14796 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    F. Gu, W. Huang, S. Wang, X. Cheng, Y. Hu, Ch. Li, J. Power Sources. 268, 922 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Parlinska-Wojtan, R. Sowa, M. Pokora, A. Martyła, K. Lee, A. Kowal, Surf. Interface Anal. 46, 1090 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Gajendiran, V. Rajendran, Mater. Lett. 139, 116 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. Jeyasubramanian, G.S. Hikku, M. Sivashakthi, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 51, 25 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.M. Bagheri-Mohagheghi, N. Shahtahmasebi, M.R. Alinejad, A. Youssefi, M. Shokooh-Saremi, Phys B 403, 2431 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Sarmah, A. Kumar, Indian J. Phys. 84(9), 1211 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Krishna, S. Komarneni, Ceram. Int. 35, 3375 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. Krishnakumar, N. Pinna, K.P. Kumari, K. Perumal, R. Jayaprakash, Mater. Lett. 62, 3437 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. Satishkumar, L. Titelman, M.V. Landau, J. Solid State Chem. 182, 2822 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Nilchi, T.S. Dehaghan, S.R. Garmarodi, Desalination 321, 67 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T.G. Conti, A.J. Chiquito, R.O. da Silva, E. Longo, E.R. Leite, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 9356, 3862 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    T.T. Van Tran, T. Si Bui, S. Turrell, B. Capoen, P. Roussel, M. Bouazaoui, M. Ferrari, O. Cristiniand, C. Kinowski, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 869 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H.H. Son, W.G. Lee, Surf. Interface Anal. 44, 989 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    N. Rajesh, J.C. Kannan, T. Krishnakumar, S.G. Leonardi, G. Neri, Sensor. Actuator B 194, 96 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. Eebrary, M.G. Henaatshoar, in Iranian Conference on Physics, vol. 1325 (2016)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    S. Mosivand, I. Kazeminezhad, CrystEngComm 18, 417 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    L. Aswaghosh, D. Manoharan, N. Victor Jaya, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 5995 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Amirsalari, S.F. Shayesteh, Superlattices Microstruct. 82, 507 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    N. Alimohammadi, S.R. Shadizadeh, I. Kazeminezhad, Fuel 111, 505 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    S. Mosivand, L.M.A. Monzon, I. Kazeminezhad, J.M.D. Coey, Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, 10383 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of Basic SciencesLorestan UniversityLorestanIran

Personalised recommendations