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Applied Physics A

, 125:643 | Cite as

Combined green synthesis and theoretical study of Ag/Co nanoparticles from biomass materials

  • Anuoluwa Abimbola AkinsikuEmail author
  • Kolawole Oluseyi Ajanaku
  • Joseph Adeyemi Adekoya
  • Samuel Oluwakayode Ajayi
  • Moses Eterigho Emetere
  • Enock Olugbenga DareEmail author
Article
  • 47 Downloads

Abstract

A ‘green’ approach which is considered safe was explored in the synthesis and theoretical analysis of bimetallic silver/cobalt nanoparticles (Ag/Co BNPs), using aqueous extract of an indigenous Canna indica (leaf part) as reducing and stabilizing agents. Optimal concentration for the synthesis was achieved by varying precursor solution concentrations at room temperature. Visual evidence of nanoparticle formation was observed by change in colour of the reaction medium. Study of the optical activity of the nanoparticles using UV–Vis spectrophotometer and photoluminescence revealed surface plasmon resonance and an intense emission, respectively. Further characterizations confirmed formation of Ag/Co BNPs using transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transfer infra-red spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The optical characteristics displayed by Ag/Co BNPs is a suggestion of its possible application in colorimetric metal nanoparticle-mediated sensors, which was further corroborated by the result obtained from theoretical study.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge Mr. Shitole Joseph of iThemba Labs, South Africa for the characterization of the nanoparticles. Covenant University is appreciated for sponsoring this publication.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

339_2019_2931_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (132 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 133 kb)
339_2019_2931_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (216 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 217 kb)
339_2019_2931_MOESM3_ESM.ods (29 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (ODS 29 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anuoluwa Abimbola Akinsiku
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kolawole Oluseyi Ajanaku
    • 1
  • Joseph Adeyemi Adekoya
    • 1
  • Samuel Oluwakayode Ajayi
    • 1
  • Moses Eterigho Emetere
    • 2
    • 3
  • Enock Olugbenga Dare
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering ScienceUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  4. 4.Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Institute for Organic ChemistryRegensburg UniversityRegensburgGermany

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