Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, 125:304 | Cite as

Amine-functionalized carbon nanotubes as curing agent for polystyrene-modified novolac epoxy resin: synthesis, characterization and possible applications

  • Bakhshali Massoumi
  • Rahim Mohammad-Rezaei
  • Mojtaba Abbasian
  • Mehdi JaymandEmail author
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

A novel epoxy resin nanocomposite containing epoxidized novolac (ENR) and epoxidized polystyrene (EPSt) was fabricated through the curing with amine-functionalized multiple-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs–NH2). The chemical structures of the synthesized samples were characterized using Fourier transform infrared and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopies. The composition of ENR:EPSt:MWCNTs–NH2 nanocomposite was set as 75:20:5 wt%. The morphology and thermal stability of the fabricated nanocomposite were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The SEM image revealed that the modified MWCNTs are well dispersed in the ENR–EPSt matrix without any agglomeration. The curing temperatures of the ENR, ENR–EPSt, and ENR–EPSt/MWCNTs nanocomposite were investigated using differential scanning calorimetric analysis. According to thermal property studies results, the addition of PSt as well as curing of mixture using amine-functionalized MWCNTs has synergistic effect on the thermal stability of the ENR resin.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Nano Drug Delivery Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran; and Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran for partial financial supports.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

339_2019_2599_MOESM1_ESM.docx (315 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 314 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Y.J. Kim, H. Chun, S.Y. Park, S.J. Park, C.H. Oh, Polymer 147, 81 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Yun, L. Chen, X. Zhang, H. Zhao, Z. Wen, C. Zhang, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 139, 97 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Z. Pourhosseini-Pakdel, H. Roghani-Mamaqani, R. Azimi, M. Gholipour-Mahmoudalilou, Polym. Adv. Technol. 29, 2216 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Baby, R. Pal, N. Francis, S. Sudhi, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 135, 46164 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.S. Nechausov, B.A. Bulgakov, A.V. Solopchenko, A.A. Serdan, D.I. Kalugin, A. Lyalin, A.V. Kepman, A.P. Malakho, J. Polym. Res. 23, 114 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Ahmed, D. Chakrabarty, S. Mukherjee, S. Bhowmik, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 32, 705 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Moazzen, M.J. Zohuriaan-Mehr, R. Jahanmardi, K. Kabiri, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 135, 45921 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    U. Szeluga, S. Pusz, B. Kumanek, J. Myalski, B. Hekner, B. Tsyntsarski, R. Oliwa, B. Trzebicka, Composites A 105, 28 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Zhou, L. Fang, J. Wang, J. Sun, K. Jin, Q. Fang, Polym. Chem. 7, 4313 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B.K. Kandola, L. Krishnan, D. Deli, P. Luangtriratana, J.R. Ebdon, RSC Adv. 5, 33772 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Wang, X. Xu, J. Ji, Y. Yang, J. Shen, M. Ye, Composites B 107, 1 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z. Liu, J. Huo, Y. Yu, Mater. Today Commun. 10, 80 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Moazzen, M.J. Zohuriaan-Mehr, R. Jahanmardi, K. Kabiri, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 135, 45921 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Bablu-Mordin, R.K. Tiwari, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133, 43333 (2016)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Rutnakornpituk, Eur. Polym. J. 41, 1043 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.B. Johnsen, A.J. Kinloch, A.C. Taylor, Polymer 46, 7352 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Lin, X. Wu, C. Zheng, P. Zhang, Q. Li, W. Wang, Z. Yang, J. Polym. Res. 21, 435 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.S. Garg, D. Srivastava, Prog. Org. Coat. 77, 1208 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Mohammad-Rezaei, B. Massoumi, M. Abbasian, M. Jaymand, J. Polym. Res. 25, 93 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Abbasian, H. Ghaeminia, M. Jaymand, Appl. Phys. A 124, 522 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Massoumi, M. Jaymand, R. Samadi, A.A. Entezami, J. Polym. Res. 21, 442 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Massoumi, M. Abbasian, R. Mohammad-Rezaei, A. Farnudiyan-Habib, M. Jaymand, Polm. Adv. Technol. (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1002/pat.4580 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.P.M. Arias, E.M. Agaliotis, M.M. Escobar, Fire Mater. 41, 884 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Gholipour-Mahmoudalilou, H. Roghani-Mamaqani, R. Azimi, A. Abdollahi, Appl. Surf. Sci. 428, 1061 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L.S. Cividanes, E.A.N. Simonetti, M.B. Moraes, F.W. Fernandes, G.P. Polym, Eng. Sci. 54, 2461 (2014)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R.J. Varley, J.H. Hodgkin, D.G. Hawthorne, G.P. Simon, D. McCulloch, Polymer 41, 3425 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.L. Costa, E.C. Botelho, J.M.F. de Paiva, M.C. Rezende, Mater. Res. 8, 317 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bakhshali Massoumi
    • 1
  • Rahim Mohammad-Rezaei
    • 2
  • Mojtaba Abbasian
    • 1
  • Mehdi Jaymand
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Electrochemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of Basic SciencesAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran
  3. 3.Nano Drug Delivery Research CenterKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran

Personalised recommendations