Applied Physics A

, 125:304 | Cite as

Amine-functionalized carbon nanotubes as curing agent for polystyrene-modified novolac epoxy resin: synthesis, characterization and possible applications

  • Bakhshali Massoumi
  • Rahim Mohammad-Rezaei
  • Mojtaba Abbasian
  • Mehdi JaymandEmail author


A novel epoxy resin nanocomposite containing epoxidized novolac (ENR) and epoxidized polystyrene (EPSt) was fabricated through the curing with amine-functionalized multiple-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs–NH2). The chemical structures of the synthesized samples were characterized using Fourier transform infrared and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopies. The composition of ENR:EPSt:MWCNTs–NH2 nanocomposite was set as 75:20:5 wt%. The morphology and thermal stability of the fabricated nanocomposite were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The SEM image revealed that the modified MWCNTs are well dispersed in the ENR–EPSt matrix without any agglomeration. The curing temperatures of the ENR, ENR–EPSt, and ENR–EPSt/MWCNTs nanocomposite were investigated using differential scanning calorimetric analysis. According to thermal property studies results, the addition of PSt as well as curing of mixture using amine-functionalized MWCNTs has synergistic effect on the thermal stability of the ENR resin.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the Nano Drug Delivery Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran; and Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran for partial financial supports.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

339_2019_2599_MOESM1_ESM.docx (315 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 314 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bakhshali Massoumi
    • 1
  • Rahim Mohammad-Rezaei
    • 2
  • Mojtaba Abbasian
    • 1
  • Mehdi Jaymand
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Electrochemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of Basic SciencesAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran
  3. 3.Nano Drug Delivery Research CenterKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran

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