Applied Physics A

, 125:213 | Cite as

One-dimensional SbSI crystals from Sb, S, and I mixtures in ethylene glycol for solar energy harvesting

  • Amit Kumar Pathak
  • Muvva D. Prasad
  • Sudip K. BatabyalEmail author


Crystalline SbSI nanorods were synthesized using mixed sonication-heating route using a high boiling solvent (ethylene glycol—EG). The use of a high boiling solvent reveals that the temperature is responsible for self-assembly of amorphous SbSI nuclei to 1D crystal. X-ray diffraction analysis of this material showed that 1D SbSI was single crystalline and grows along c-direction of its orthorhombic structure. The elemental composition of SbSI nanorods was estimated by EDXS and was found to be with 33.92% Sb, 32.74% S, and 33.34% I. The optical bandgap of the material was 1.88 eV. Application of SbSI as a photon-absorbing material in a carbon-based solar cell has been assessed. Its photo-conversion efficiency was of 0.035% under simulated solar radiation, with a short-circuit current density of 0.4 mA/cm2 and open-circuit voltage of 290 mV.



The authors acknowledge Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) (Research Grant ECR/2015/000208) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) for research grant DST/INT/RFBR/P-241.

Supplementary material

339_2019_2476_MOESM1_ESM.docx (446 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 446 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amrita Centre for Industrial Research and Innovation (ACIRI), Amrita School of EngineeringAmrita VishwaVidyapeethamCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced Studies in Electronics Science and Technology, School of PhysicsUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia

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