Hydrogen influenced the structural and optical properties of Ni-doped BiOCl nanocomposite: creation of FM properties
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Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) nanocomposite powders doped with nickel ions were synthesized by sol–gel route using bismuth carbonate. The study focused on the determination the essential conditions required to create stable room-temperature ferromagnetic (RT-FM) properties in host BiOCl crystalline medium by means of doping with Ni2+ ions (BiOCl:Ni). This work was based on the following ideas; the presence of Ni2+ dopant impurity ions in BiOCl crystalline lattice could support the dissociation of H2 molecules during the hydrogenation process that can develop the crystalline–electronic medium (CEM) of BiOCl for carrying out the spin–spin (S.S) long-range interaction between dopant Ni2+ ions and thus create FM properties. Structural, optical, and magnetic properties of pure and Ni-doped BiOCl nanocomposite samples were systematically investigated. The structural properties were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. The optical properties were investigated by diffuse reflection spectroscopy (DRS). The study disclosed the conditions necessary to create RT-FM properties in hydrogenated BiOCl:Ni nanopowders. The physical explanations and discussions were given in the framework of bound magnetic polaron (BMP) theory. Thus, BiOCl nanocrystalline powder could be used as a potential candidate for optical applications with tailored magnetic properties.
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