Applied Physics A

, 125:51 | Cite as

Nanosecond pulse laser preparation of InZnO (IZO) nanoparticles NPs for high-performance photodetector

  • Khawla S. KhashanEmail author
  • Aseel Hadi
  • Maryam Mahdi
  • Mazin K. Hamid


Indium-doped zinc oxide (IZO) nanoparticles (NPs) have been deposited onto the Si substrates for the high performance of the photodetector. Here, a two-step laser ablation in liquid technique has been successfully developed to generate both ZnO NPs and IZO NPs using a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser in liquid. Microstructure and electrical properties of ZnO and IZO NPs were investigated. The SEM images exhibit changes in the morphology of the particles from hierarchical nanostructures with cauliflower-like structures in ZnO (0% indium) to rod-like structures after doping it with 32% indium. The electrical characteristic of the photodetector shows a remarkable improvement of rectification ratio with an ideality factor which is altered from 13.12 to 2.2. This improvement is associated with indium (In) concentration. The impact of indium (In) doping on the photodetector responsivity was also investigated.


Photodetector Laser ablation in water InZnO NPs PLAL Optoelectronic Indium zinc oxide 



The research was confirmed via the University of Technology, Applied Science Department, and Baghdad, Iraq.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khawla S. Khashan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aseel Hadi
    • 1
  • Maryam Mahdi
    • 1
  • Mazin K. Hamid
    • 2
  1. 1.Applied Science DepartmentUniversity of TechnologyBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.College of MedicineUniversity of Al-NahrainBaghdadIraq

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