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Applied Physics A

, 125:46 | Cite as

Thermal, dielectric and antimicrobial properties of polystyrene-assisted/ITO:Cu nanocomposites

  • Amany. M. El Nahrawy
  • Ali B. Abou Hammad
  • Ahmed M. Youssef
  • A. M. MansourEmail author
  • Abdelmageed M. Othman
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Polystyrene membranes were found to be an effective-assisted material in the growth of undoped and doped indium–tin–oxide (ITO) with different concentrations from 3 to 7 wt% of CuO nanoparticles. Nanocomposites were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, HR-SEM/TEM, and dielectric measurements. Polystyrene-assisted ITO nanocomposites (ITO/PS) showed the high crystalline phase with lattice fringes, and well agreed on the cubic phase of ITO. As the concentration of CuO increases in ITO/PS nanocomposite, the conductivity decreases. Differential scanning calorimetry/thermogravimetric analysis showed a good thermal stability of the prepared nanocomposites. The increase of CuO wt% did not affect the major degeneration temperature and the thermal stability of undoped composite. The highest conductivity was obtained for ITO doped with 7 wt% of CuO. The formed Polystyrene-assisted ITO:Cu nanocomposites demonstrated a considerable antimicrobial activity against non-filamentous fungi (Candida albicans), Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus mycoides), and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) at all tested concentrations (3.0–7.0 wt% of CuO) with maximum activity at 7.0 wt% of CuO.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amany. M. El Nahrawy
    • 1
  • Ali B. Abou Hammad
    • 1
  • Ahmed M. Youssef
    • 2
  • A. M. Mansour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdelmageed M. Othman
    • 3
  1. 1.Solid State Physics Department, Physics Research DivisionNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Inorganic Chemistry DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, Microbial Chemistry DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

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