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Applied Physics A

, 124:844 | Cite as

Enhancing saturation magnetization of Mg ferrite nanoparticles for better magnetic recoverable photocatalyst

  • Nasser Y. MostafaEmail author
  • Z. Zaki
  • M. M. Hessien
  • A. A. Shaltout
  • M. Alsawat
Article
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

Simple combustion route was implemented for the preparation of Mo-substituted magnesium ferrite nanoparticles; MgFe2−2xMoxO4 (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3). Samples, with x = 0.0, 0.1 and 0.2, revealed only the cubic spinel ferrite phase. Sample with x = 0.3 showed very small amount of FeMoO4, beside MgFe2O4. The lattice parameter diminished with increasing molybdenum contents to x = 0.1, then increased at x ≥ 0.2. The saturation magnetization (Ms) increased from 15.65 to 32.05 emu/g with low level of Mo6+ substitution (x = 0.1), then declined with x > 0.1. This is the first investigation to report Ms of Mg ferrite nanoparticles higher than its bulk value. The change in magnetic properties is correlated with cation distribution between tetrahedral sites (A) and octahedral sites (B). Mo6+ replaced the Fe3+ position in the tetrahedral A-sites for x = 0.1. In samples with x ≥ 0.2, Mo6+ occupied both A-sites and B-sites. Mo substitution decreased the crystallite size and increased the microstrain. Mo substitution in MgFe2O4 enhanced the photocatalytic action compared to bare MgFe2O4. The enhancement was due to the increase in structure defect that inhibits the electrons–holes recombination as well as the increase in surface area.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was carried out with the financial support of Taif University (Project #1-1438-5834).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceTaif UniversityTaifKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  3. 3.Advanced Materials DepartmentCentral Metallurgical Research and Development Institute (CMRDI)HelwanEgypt
  4. 4.Spectroscopy Department, Physics DivisionNational Research CenterDokkiEgypt

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