Applied Physics A

, 124:843 | Cite as

Photochemical deposition of silver on Fe2O3 nanotubes prepared by anodization and exploring their photoelectrochemical activity

  • Mohamad Mohsen MomeniEmail author
  • Yousef Ghayeb
  • Akbar Hallaj
  • Robabeh Bagheri
  • Zhenlun Songd


Novel silver-decorated Fe2O3 nanotubes (Ag/FeNT) have been synthesized by a simple, fast and efficient method. Fe2O3 nanotubes (FeNT) have been successfully synthesized on pure iron plates by electrochemical anodizing, followed by silver deposition on the surface of the nanotubes through photodeposition. Various instrumental techniques have been used to investigate the morphology, structure and optical properties of the prepared samples. In addition, the photoelectrochemical water splitting performance of the new electrodes has been studied. An increased photocurrent density and a greatly enhanced onset potential for photoelectrochemical activity have been shown by Ag/FeNT electrodes in comparison with bare FeNT. Silver-decorated Fe2O3 nanotube (sample Ag/FeNT1) shows an almost 2.5-fold increase in photocurrent compared with bare Fe2O3 nanotube. Efficient charge carrier separation, visible light sensitization due to Ag nanoparticles on Fe2O3 nanotube and enhanced electrical conductivity are responsible for the increase in the photoelectrochemical water splitting activity of Ag/FeNT.



The author wish to acknowledge the financial support of Iran National Science Foundation (Project No: 93047933). Also, the authors are so thankful to Isfahan University of Technology for supporting this research.


  1. 1.
    W. Zhou, F. Niu, S.S. Mao, S. Shen, Nickel complex engineered interface energetics for efficient photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution over p-Si. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 220, 362–366 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.M. Momeni, Y. Ghayeb, M. Mahvari, Study of photoelectrochemical water splitting using films based on deposited TiO2 nanotubes. Appl. Phys A Mater. 124, 586–596 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Iervolino, I. Tantis, L. Sygellou, V. Vaiano, D. Sannino, P. Lianos, Photocurrent increase by metal modification of Fe2O3 photoanodes and its effect on photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen production by degradation of organic substances. Appl. Surf. Sci. 400, 176–183 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.M. Momeni, Y. Ghayeb, F. Mohammadi, Solar water splitting for hydrogen production with Fe2O3 nanotubes prepared by anodizing method: effect of anodizing time on performance of Fe2O3 nanotube arrays. J. Mater. Sci Mater. Electron. 26, 685–692 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y.F. Xu, H.S. Rao, X.D. Wang, H.Y. Chen, D.B. Kuang, C.Y. Su, In situ formation of zinc ferrite modified Al-doped ZnO nanowire arrays for solar water splitting. J. Mater. Chem. A. 4, 5124–5129 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Q. Wang, N. Zhu, E. Liu, C. Zhang, J.C. Crittenden, Y. Zhang, Y. Cong, Fabrication of visible-light active Fe2O3-GQDs/NF-TiO2 composite film with highly enhanced photoelectrocatalytic performance. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 205, 347–356 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.M. Momeni, Y. Ghayeb, F. Ezati, Fabrication, characterization and photoelectrochemical activity of tungsten–copper co-sensitized TiO2 nanotube composite photoanodes. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 514, 70–82 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    X. Zhang, B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Lv, Y. Shen, Phosphate modified N/Si co-doped rutile TiO2 nanorods for photoelectrochemical water oxidation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 391, 288–294 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.M. Momeni, Y. Ghayeb, M. Shafiei, Preparation and characterization of CrFeWTiO2 photoanodes and their photoelectrochemical activities for water splitting. Dalton Trans. 46, 12527–12536 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Xia, J. Bai, J. Li, Q. Zeng, L. Li, B. Zhou, High-performance BiVO4 photoanodes cocatalyzed with an ultrathin α-Fe2O3 layer for photoelectrochemical application. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 204, 127–133 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.M. Momeni, Y. Ghayeb, M. Menati, Fabrication, characterization and photoelectrochemical properties of cuprous oxide-reduced graphene oxide photocatalysts for hydrogen generation. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 29, 4136–4146 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.M. Momeni, M. Mahvari, Y. Ghayeb, Photoelectrochemical properties of iron-cobalt WTiO2 nanotube photoanodes for water splitting and photocathodic protection of stainless steel. J. Electroanal. Chem. 832, 7–23 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Kuang, L. Zhang, B. Cheng, J. Yu, Enhanced charge transfer kinetics of Fe2O3/CdS composite nanorodarrays using cobalt-phosphate as cocatalyst. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 218, 570–580 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Related Technologies, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Protective Technologies, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesNingboPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations