Applied Physics A

, 124:685 | Cite as

Forming and defect analysis for single track scanning in selective laser melting of Ti6Al4V

  • Yu Xiang
  • Shuzhe Zhang
  • Zhengying WeiEmail author
  • Junfeng Li
  • Pei Wei
  • Zhen Chen
  • Lixiang Yang
  • Lihao Jiang


Selective laser melting (SLM) is one of the most promising additive manufacturing (AM) processes. Each single track in SLM may affect the forming defects and the resultant relative density of final SLM parts. A three-dimensional randomly distributed powder bed model of Ti6Al4V was established to study the forming process of single track. The numerical model is verified by experimental tests. The numerical results show that—the typical metallurgical defects associated with SLM such as balling effect is significantly affected by line energy density (LED). The optimal LED range is given by numerical and experimental results.



The research is supported by Science Challenge Project TZ2018006-0301-01.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Xiang
    • 1
  • Shuzhe Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhengying Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Junfeng Li
    • 1
  • Pei Wei
    • 1
  • Zhen Chen
    • 1
  • Lixiang Yang
    • 1
  • Lihao Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Manufacturing System EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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