Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, 124:597 | Cite as

Synthesis of flower-like reduced graphene oxide–Mn3O4 nanocomposite electrodes for supercapacitors

  • P. Rosaiah
  • Jinghui Zhu
  • O. M. Hussain
  • Yejun Qiu
Article

Abstract

A facile method was adopted to synthesize reduced graphene oxide–Mn3O4 (rGO–Mn3O4) nanocomposites with flower-like structure, and the Mn3O4 particles were uniformly embedded onto the rGO layers. The structural features were characterized by XRD, Raman and FTIR. The surface morphologies were observed by FE-SEM and TEM. XPS was conducted to confirm the surface chemical state and composition of the composite. The morphological studies confirmed that the Mn3O4 nanoparticles were dispersed with the average size of 10 nm and high uniformity. The rGO–Mn3O4 nanocomposite exhibited a high surface area of 225 m2/g and manifested high capacitance with outstanding rate capability in supercapacitors. A highest specific capacitance of 368.2 F/g was displayed at a current density of 0.75 A/g and outstanding capacity retention at 5 A/g even after 5000 cycles. The outstanding electrochemical performance of rGO–Mn3O4 nanocomposites may be credited to the crystallized Mn3O4 particles with small size (about 10 nm), high porosity, high specific surface area, and effective conductive pathway from rGO. The developed rGO–Mn3O4 nanocomposite materials hold highly promising prospects in supercapacitors.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was financially supported by Shenzhen Bureau of Science, Technology and Innovation Commission JCYJ20160525163956782 and JCYJ 20170811154527927.

Supplementary material

339_2018_2024_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1759 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    X.Y. Fan, Y. Cui, P. Liu, L. Gou, Electrochemical construction of three-dimensional porous Mn3O4 nanosheet arrays as an anode for the lithium ion battery. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 22224–22234 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Rosaiah, J. Zhu, O.M. Hussain, Y. Qiu, Facile and cost-effective synthesis of flower-like RGO/Fe3O4 nanocomposites with ultra-long cycling stability for supercapacitors. Ionics.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2669-1
  3. 3.
    Y. Luo, T. Yang, Z. Li, High performance of Mn3O4 cubes for supercapacitor applications. Mater. Lett. 178, 171–174 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Yang, M. Zhao, Q. Sun, A novel hydrothermal synthesis and characteristics of porous Mn3O4 for supercapacitor with high rate capability. RSC Adv. 5, 9843–9847 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Rosaiah, J. Zhu, O.M. Hussain, Y. Qiu, Graphenothermal reduction synthesis of MnO/RGO composite with excellent anodic behaviour in lithium ion batteries. Ceram. Int. 44, 3077–3084 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Rosaiah, J. Zhu, P.M.D. Shaik, Reduced graphene oxide/Mn3O4 nanocomposite electrodes with enhanced electrochemical performance for energy storage applications. J. Electroanal. Chem. 794, 78–85 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.M.D. Shaik, P. Rosaiah, K. Sivajee Ganesh, Y. Qiu, O.M. Hussain, Improved electrochemical performance of Mn3O4 thin film electrodes for supercapacitors. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Proc. 84, 83–90 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Zheng, Z. Yin, H. Xia, Porous MnO@C nanocomposite derived from metal-organic frameworks as anode materials for long-life lithium-ion batterie. Chem. Eng. J. 324, 474–480 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Li, J. Ma, H. Ren, Fabrication of MnO nanowires implanted in graphene as an advanced anode material for sodium-ion batteries. Mater. Lett. 206, 132–135 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. Zeng, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, Uniformly electrodeposited-MnO2 film on super-aligned electrospun carbon nanofibers for a bifunctional catalyst design in the oxygen reduction reaction. Electrochim. Acta 256, 232–240 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Jiang, H. He, C. Huang, MnO2 Nanowires/graphene composites with high electrocatalytic activity for Mg-air fuel cell. Electrochim. Acta 219, 492–501 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Zeng, X. Li, Z. Wang, Cave-embedded porous Mn2O3 hollow microsphere as anode material for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim. Acta 247, 795–802 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Shao, B. Ren, H. Jiang, Dual-porosity Mn2O3 cubes for highly efficient dye adsorption. J. Hazard Mater. 333, 222–231 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.-G. Wang, D. Jin, R. Zhou, Highly flexible graphene/Mn3O4 nanocomposite membrane as advanced anodes for Li-ion batteries. ACS Nano 10, 6227–6234 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z. Hu, D. Chen, J. Dong, Facile synthesis of hierarchical Mn3O4 superstructures and efficient catalytic performance. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 26602–26608 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Wu, S. Liu, H. Wang, A novel solvothermal synthesis of Mn3O4/graphene composites for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 90, 210–218 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K.M. Anilkumar, M. Manoj, B. Jinisha, Mn3O4/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite electrodes with tailored morphology for high power supercapacitor applications. Electrochim. Acta 236, 424–433 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Xu, X. Fan, Q. Xia, A highly atom-efficient strategy to synthesize reduced graphene oxide–Mn3O4 nanoparticles composites for supercapacitors. J. Alloys Compd. 685, 949–956 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.K. Singh, R. Kumar, D.P. Singh, Graphene oxide: strategies for synthesis, reduction and frontier applications. RSC Adv. 6, 64993–65011 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Rosaiah, J. Zhu, O.M. Hussain, Z. Liu, Y. Qiu, Well-dispersed rod-like LiFePO4 nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide with excellent electrochemical performance for Li-ion batteries. J. Electroanal. Chem. 811, 1–7 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Kumar, E. Joanni, R.K. Singh, E.T. da Silva, R. Savu, L.T. Kubota, S.A. Moshkalev, Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on thick graphite oxide films and their electrochemical properties in different liquid inorganic electrolytes. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 507, 271–278 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Q.Y. Liao, S.Y. Li, H. Cui, Vertically-aligned grapheme @Mn3O4 nanosheets for a high-performance flexible all-solid-state symmetric supercapacitor. J. Mater. Chem. A 4, 8830–8836 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Wang, Z. Ji, X. Shen, Facile synthesis of Mn3O4/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites with enhanced capacitive performance. J. Alloys Compd. 684, 366–371 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X. Yang, Y. He, Y. Bai, Mn3O4 nanocrystalline/graphene hybrid electrode with high capacitance. Electrochim. Acta 188, 398–405 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. Zhang, P. Qi, Y.-H. Ding, A novel reduction synthesis of the graphene/Mn3O4 nanocomposite for supercapacitors. J. Solid State Chem. 237, 378–384 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Ulaganathan, V. Aravindan, W.C. Ling, High energy Li-ion capacitors with conversion type Mn3O4 particulates anchored to few layer graphene as the negative electrode. J. Mater. Chem. A 4, 15134–15139 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Hou, The oxidation capacity of Mn3O4 nanoparticles is significantly enhanced by anchoring them onto reduced graphene oxide to facilitate regeneration of surface-associated Mn(III). Water Res. 103, 101–108 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Zhu, P. Zhang, L. Chang, Photochemical fabrication of 3D hierarchical Mn3O4/H–TiO2 composite films with excellent electrochemical capacitance performance. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 8529–8536 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Z. Jiang, K. Huang, D. Yang, Facile preparation of Mn3O4 hollow microspheres via reduction of pentachloropyridine and their performance in lithium-ion batteries. RSC Adv. 7, 8264–8271 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Chen, X. Wu, Y. Gong, Synthesis of Mn3O4/N-doped graphene hybrid and its improved electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. Ceram. Int. 45, 4655–4662 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P.T.M. Bui, J.-H. Song, Z.-Y. Li, Low temperature solution processed Mn3O4 nanoparticles: enhanced performance of electrochemical supercapacitors. J. Alloys Compd. 694, 560–567 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. Makgopa, K. Raju, P.M. Ejikeme, High-performance Mn3O4/onion-like carbon (OLC) nanohybrid pseudocapacitor: unravelling the intrinsic properties of OLC against other carbon supports. Carbon 117, 20–32 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    B. Wang, J. Park, C. Wang, Mn3O4 nanoparticles embedded into graphene nanosheets: preparation, characterization, and electrochemical properties for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 55, 6812–6817 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Nagamuthu, S. Vijayakumar, G. Muralidharan, Synthesis of Mn3O4/amorphous carbon nanoparticles as electrode material for high performance supercapacitor applications. Energy Fuels 27, 3508–3515 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Xu, X. Fan, Q. Xia, A highly atom-efficient strategy to synthesize reduced graphene oxide–Mn3O4 nanoparticles composites for supercapacitors. J. Alloys Compd. 685, 949–956 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Q. Jiangying, G. Feng, Z. Quan, Highly atom-economic synthesis of graphene/Mn3O4 hybrid composites for electrochemical supercapacitors. Nanoscale 5, 2999–3005 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y.Q. Qin, A facile one-step synthesis of Mn3O4 nanoparticles-decorated TiO2 nanotube arrays as high performance electrode for supercapacitors. J. Solid State Chem. 246, 269–277 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Rosaiah
    • 1
  • Jinghui Zhu
    • 1
  • O. M. Hussain
    • 2
  • Yejun Qiu
    • 1
  1. 1.Shenzhen Engineering Lab of Flexible Transparent Conductive Films, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Thin Film Laboratory, Department of PhysicsSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupatiIndia

Personalised recommendations