Applied Physics A

, 124:290 | Cite as

Effect of vanadium doping on structural and magnetic properties of defective nano-nickel ferrite

  • Zein K. Heiba
  • Mohamed Bakr Mohamed
  • Adel Maher Wahba
  • M. I. Almalowi
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Nano-nickel ferrites defected by vanadium doping (NiV x Fe2−1.67xO4, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) were prepared using a simple sol gel method. Rietveld analysis revealed a nonmonotonic change in lattice parameter, oxygen parameter and magnetization upon doping with vanadium. Cation distributions suggested from either Rietveld analysis or from experimental magnetic moments were in a good agreement. For low doping values (x = 0.05), vanadium was residing mainly in octahedral sites, while for samples with vanadium content (x ≥ 0.1) a significant part of vanadium ions resided at tetrahedral sites; a result which has been confirmed by the analysis of Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrums obtained for the samples. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) image showed fine spherical particles with size of ∼ 11 nm. All samples showed a superparamagnetic nature with a nonmonotonic change of either magnetization (MS) or coercivity (HC) with the content of nonmagnetic V5+. The cation occupancies indicated presence of an enormous number of vacancies through doping with high valence cation V5+, making present samples potential electrodes for Li- or Na-ion batteries.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zein K. Heiba
    • 2
  • Mohamed Bakr Mohamed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Adel Maher Wahba
    • 3
  • M. I. Almalowi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTaibah UniversityAl-Madinah Al-MunawaraSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceAin shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceTaif UniversityTaifSaudi Arabia

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