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European Radiology

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 1479–1488 | Cite as

Evaluation of liver parenchyma stiffness in patients with liver tumours: optimal strategy for shear wave elastography

  • Wei Zheng
  • Zhong-guo Zhou
  • Chong-hei Wong
  • Xiao-qing PeiEmail author
  • Shu-lian Zhuang
  • Qing Li
  • Min-Shan Chen
  • An-hua Li
  • Fu-jun ZhangEmail author
Ultrasound
  • 98 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the methodology of non-invasive test for evaluation of liver stiffness (LS) with tumours using two-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE).

Methods

One hundred and twenty-seven patients with liver tumours underwent 2D-SWE before surgery to measure liver and spleen stiffness (SS). Two-dimensional SWE values were obtained in the liver at 0–1 cm, 1–2 cm and >2 cm from the tumour edge (PLS-1, PLS-2 and RLS, respectively). The influence of tumour-associated factors was evaluated. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for each value was analysed to diagnose cirrhosis.

Results

PLS-1 was higher than PLS-2, which was even higher than RLS (p < 0.001). The AUCs of PLS-1, PLS-2, RLS and SS for diagnosing cirrhosis were 0.760, 0.833, 0.940 and 0.676, with the specificity of 75.7%, 67.6%, 90.3% and 77.4%, respectively. Tumour sizes, locations or types showed no apparent influence on 2D-SWE values except for RLS, which was higher in patients with primary hepatic carcinomas (p < 0.05).

Conclusions

LS with tumours is best measured at >2 cm away from the tumour edge. SS measurement could be used as an alternative to LS measurement in the event of no available liver for detection.

Key Points

• Tumour-associated factors impact background liver stiffness assessment.

• Background liver stiffness is best measured at >2 cm from tumour edge.

• Spleen stiffness can be an alternative to assess background liver stiffness.

Keywords

Elasticity imaging techniques Ultrasonography Liver neoplasms Liver cirrhosis Spleen 

Abbreviations

2D-SWE

Two-dimensional shear wave elastography

ALB

Albumin

ALP

Alkaline phosphatase

ALT

Glutamate pyruvate transaminase

AST

Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

CCC

Cholangiocellular carcinoma

CV

Coefficient of variation

DBIL

Direct bilirubin

EFSUMB

European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology

GGT

Glutamyl transpeptidase

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

HCC

Hepatocellular carcinoma

LS

Liver stiffness

MHC

Metastatic hepatic carcinoma

PHLF

Post-hepatectomy liver failure

PLS

Peritumoural liver stiffness,

PLS-1

Peritumoural liver stiffness measured at 0–1 cm from the tumour edge

PLS-2

Peritumoural liver stiffness measured at 1–2 cm from the tumour edge

PT

Prothrombin time

RLS

Remnant liver stiffness

SS

Spleen stiffness

SSI

Supersonic shear imaging

TBIL

Total bilirubin

TE

Transient elastography

Notes

Funding

The authors state that this work has not received any funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Guarantor

The scientific guarantor of this publication is An-hua Li.

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.

Statistics and biometry

No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study.

Ethical approval

Institutional review board approval was obtained.

Methodology

• prospective

• diagnostic or prognostic study

• performed at one institution

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Zheng
    • 1
  • Zhong-guo Zhou
    • 2
  • Chong-hei Wong
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiao-qing Pei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shu-lian Zhuang
    • 4
  • Qing Li
    • 1
  • Min-Shan Chen
    • 2
  • An-hua Li
    • 1
  • Fu-jun Zhang
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of UltrasoundSun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Centre for Cancer MedicineGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Hepatobiliary OncologySun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Centre for Cancer MedicineGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of OncologyCentro Hospitalar Conde de S. Januario (CHCSJ)MacaoPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Ultrasonographythe Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese MedicineGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Minimally Invasive Interventional CentreSun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Centre for Cancer MedicineGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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