Evaluation of T categories for pure ground-glass nodules with semi-automatic volumetry: is mass a better predictor of invasive part size than other volumetric parameters?
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This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic advantage of nodule mass in differentiating invasive pulmonary adenocarcinomas (IPAs) among pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) over other volumetric measurements. Another aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between volumetric measurements on computed tomography (CT) scans and the pathological invasive component size.
This Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective study included 117 patients (men:women = 53:64; mean age, 57.3 years) with 117 pGGNs. Semi-automatic segmentation was performed for all nodules, and volumetric measurements, such as nodule volume, attenuation, mass, two-dimensional (2D) average diameter and three-dimensional (3D) longest diameter, were obtained. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to evaluate the diagnostic performances of the volumetric parameters in discriminating IPAs. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated between the volumetric measurements and the invasive component size.
Area under the ROC curve for mass was 0.792 (95% CI, 0.691-0.872) in non-enhanced CT and 0.730 (95% CI, 0.607-0.832) in contrast-enhanced CT. Nodule mass was not superior to 2D average diameter for the differentiation of IPAs in both non-enhanced (0.792 vs 0.780; p = 0.501) CT and contrast-enhanced CT scans (0.730 vs 0.700; p = 0.319). The correlation between the volumetric measurements (mass, 3D longest diameter and 2D average diameter) and the invasive component size was moderate (Spearman’s rho, 0.401-0.422) in non-enhanced CT and weak (Spearman’s rho, 0.276-0.310) in contrast-enhanced CT.
Nodule mass measurement had no strength over other volumetric parameters for the prediction of pathological invasiveness in the diagnosis of pGGNs.
• Mass is not superior to other volumetric measurements for the diagnosis of pure ground-glass nodules.
• Mass and two-dimensional average diameter exhibited comparable performance for the discrimination of invasive adenocarcinomas among pure ground-glass nodules.
• The diagnostic performance of volumetric measurements was lower on contrast-enhanced CT scans.
• The correlation between the volumetric measurements and the invasive component size was moderate on non-enhanced CT scans and weak on contrast-enhanced CT scans.
KeywordsNon-small-cell lung carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Multidetector computed tomography Computer-assisted diagnosis Neoplasm staging
Invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma
Pure ground-glass nodule
This study has received funding by a grant from the National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry for Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (1520230).
Compliance with ethical standards
The scientific guarantor of this publication is Jin Mo Goo.
Conflict of interest
The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.
Statistics and biometry
No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper.
Written informed consent was waived by the Institutional Review Board.
Institutional Review Board approval was obtained.
Study subjects or cohorts overlap
Some study subjects or cohorts have been previously reported in journal articles (Eur Radiol 2016, 26:4465-4474; Eur J Radiol 2016, 85:1174-1180; Eur Radiol 2017, 27:3266-3274; Eur Radiol 2017, doi:10.1007/s00330-017-5171-7; Eur Radiol 2017, 27:1369-1376).
diagnostic or prognostic study
performed at one institution
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