Advertisement

Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) ecology: insights from the Russian literature. Part 1: Asian part of the Russian breeding range

  • Vasiliy Sokolov
  • Sandra Vardeh
  • Petra QuillfeldtEmail author
Review
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Long-tailed Ducks (Clangula hyemalis) nest in tundra habitats and are marine birds outside of the breeding season. These sea ducks are subject to negative impacts and threats throughout their annual cycle, and the population wintering in the Baltic Sea has declined dramatically in recent decades. To understand their life history and the drivers of population decreases, the ecology of Long-tailed Ducks needs to be understood in their breeding and wintering habitats. Most of the birds wintering in the Baltic Sea breed in northern Russia. Here, we reviewed the Russian literature on the Long-tailed Duck in the Asian part of the Russian breeding range (from Yamal to North East), with respect to their distribution, density, breeding and feeding biology. We summarized information from 74 Russian sources, with a strong representation of field surveys and ecological studies in the 1970s and 1980s. The data show a comparable overall breeding biology and timing within the area and compared to the European part of the breeding range. Considerable differences in the densities between sites and years were observed, but the underlying drivers of these differences are not yet understood. Overall, the proportions of non-breeding birds were high in most reports, but further studies are needed to understand the potential impact of changes in the breeding habitat on population trends. The data summarized here provide a comprehensive database for carrying out repeat surveys and ecological studies to improve understanding of population trends and their underlying ecological basis.

Keywords

Arctic Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck Russia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this review was granted from the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN), award MEERESENTEN (3516821500). For VS, the study was performed within the framework of a state contract with the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences and Ural Branch of RAS program (Project No. 19-9-4-22). We thank all project partners, especially Jochen Bellebaum and Helmut Kruckenberg, who initiated the project, as well as Jenn Greiner for her speedy review of the manuscript language and Olga Pokrovskaya for help with locating elusive geographic places.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

300_2019_2594_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 29 kb)
300_2019_2594_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (25 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 25 kb)
300_2019_2594_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (510 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 509 kb)

References

  1. Andreev VA (2016) On the avifauna of the coasts of the Baydaratskaya Bay of the Kara Sea. Russ J Ornithol 25:1663–1681 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  2. Andreev AV, Kondratyev AV, Potapov ER (2015) Ornithofauna of the Lower Kolyma tundra: long-term dynamics based on climate change. Report 2. Status, distribution and number of indicator species. Bull NESC FEB RAS 2:57–68 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  3. Badanin YA (2015) Avifauna of the Barents and Kara seas along the northern sea route in the winter-spring period 2013–2014. Sci Bull YNAO 88:116–120 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  4. Balakhonov VS, Shtro VG (1995) Some species of terrestrial vertebrates in the Yamal shrubby tundra subzone. In: Current state of the Flora and Fauna of the Yamal Peninsula, Sverdlovsk, pp 159–193 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  5. Beringia National Park Report (2017) Wintering bird counts. http://www.park-beringia.ru/beringia/news/558. Accessed 30 July 2019. (in Russian)
  6. BirdLife International (2017) Clangula hyemalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017. e.T22680427A112395330. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.20171.RLTS.T22680427A112395330.en. Accessed 19 Sept 2018
  7. BirdLife International and Handbook of the Birds of the World (2017) Bird species distribution maps of the world. Version 2017.2. http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/requestdis
  8. Blokhin YY (2014) About the spring migration of waterfowl in the central part of the Lena River delta. Kazarka 17:153–167 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  9. Butyev VT (1959) Wintering of birds in north of Novaya Zemlya. Ornitologia 2:99–101 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  10. Danilov NN, Ryzhanovskiy VN, Ryabitsev VK (1984) Birds of Yamal. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  11. Davygora AV, Nazin AS (2012) New data about nesting, migrating and summering birds of Steppe Zauralye. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 1:33–58 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  12. Dmitriev AE, Nizovtsev DS, Kharitonov SP (2015) Birds of the Bely Island (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District)—the results of research in 2014. Fauna Ural Sib 2:61–71 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  13. Dorogoy IV (2014) About the fauna and distribution of birds in the southeast of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Bull Sci Cent FEB RAS 2:44–53 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  14. Drobovtsev VI, Vilkov VS (1997) Ornitofauna of Anseriformes in northern Kazakhstan. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 1:57–61 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  15. Flint PL (2013) Changes in size and trends of North American sea duck populations associated with North Pacific oceanic regime shifts. Mar Biol 160:59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gavrilo MV (2013) Long tailed duck Clangula hyemalis and Sabine’s gull Xema sabini—new species in the avifauna of the Franz Josef Land archipelago. Russ J Ornithol 22:747–748 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  17. Gavrilov AA (2015) Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis in the Taymyrskiy Reserve. Russ J Ornithol 24:843–845 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  18. Glazov PM, Dmitriev AE (2004) About the avifauna of the Gydan Peninsula and the Yavay Peninsula. Fauna Ural Sib 1:52–62 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  19. Golovatin MG, Dobrinskiy NL, Korytin NS, Paskhalniy SP, Sosin VF, Shtro VG (1997) Terrestrial vertebrates. In: Dobrinskiy LN (ed) Monitoring of the biota of the Yamal peninsula in relation to the development of facilities for gas extraction and transportation. The URC “AeroCasmoEcology” Press, Ekaterinburg (in Russian) Google Scholar
  20. Golovatin MG, Morozova LM, Ektova SN (2012) Effect of reindeer overgrazing on vegetation and animals of tundra ecosystems of the Yamal peninsula. Czech Polar Rep 2:80–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Golovnyuk VV, Solovyov MY, Popovkina AB (2009) Anseriformes of the upper Taymyr River delta (central Taymyr). Part 2: Ducks. Kazarka 12:146–160 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  22. Golovnyuk VV, Solovyov MY, Popovkina AB (2013) Anseriformes of the lower Khatanga River, southeast Taymyr. Kazarka 16:121–146 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  23. Gordienko NS (2002) New materials of fauna and distribution of birds in Chelyabinsk region. Fauna Ural Sib 1:104–108 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  24. Gusakov ES (1988) Dynamics of the landscape and population of the Anseriformes of the Penzhinsky-Parapolsky Dol. In: Chronological changes in the number of game animals in the RSFSR. Moscow, pp 22–43 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  25. Hearn RD, Harrison AL, Cranswick PA (2015) International single species action plan for the conservation of the long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis). AEWA Technical Series No. 57. Bonn, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  26. Isakov YA (1952) Subfamily Anatinae. In: Dementiev GP, Gladkov NA (eds) Birds of USSR, vol 4. Soviet Nauka Publ, Moscow, pp 344–635 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  27. Kareba VT (2001) To the ornitofauna north-east of Omsk region. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 6:88–90 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  28. Kazakov VP (2000) Birds of Perm city surroundings. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 5:78–88 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  29. Kishinskiy AA (1976) Waterfowl numbers on Chukotka Peninsula. Bull Mosc Soc Nat Biol Ser 81:40–50 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  30. Kishinskiy AA (1980) Birds of Koryak highlands. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  31. Kishinskiy AA (1988) Avifauna of north-east Asia; history and modern state. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  32. Kolbin VA (2005) Avifauna of “Visherskiy” Reserve. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 10:124–140 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  33. Kondratyev AV (1989) Comparative ecology of the American Scoter, the White-winged Scoter and Long-tailed Duck in the basin of the middle reaches of the Anadyr River. Zool J 68:93–103 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  34. Konyukhov NB (1990) Wintering of seabirds on the Sirenek polynya. Russ J Ornithol 223:572–574. Studies of marine colonial birds in the USSR. Magadan, pp 36–39 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  35. Korshikov LV (2001) Additions to the “News of ornithological season in 2000 in Orenburg region”. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 6:118–120 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  36. Kovshar VA, Karpov FF (2017) Winter records of the Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis, the Common Scoter Melanitta nigra and the Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca in the northeastern part of the Caspian Sea. Russ J Ornithol 26:3953–3954 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  37. Krechmar AV, Artukhov AI (1979) Long-tailed Duck in the middle stream of the Anadyr River. In: Birds of northeast Asia. Vladivostok, pp 3–26 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  38. Krechmar AV, Kondratyev AV (2006) Waterfowl of North-East Asia. NESC FEB RAS, Magadan (in Russian) Google Scholar
  39. Krechmar AV, Andreev AV, Kondratyev AV (1978) Ecology and distribution of birds in the north-east of the USSR. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  40. Krechmar AV, Andreev AV, Kondratyev AV (1991) Birds of the Northern plains. Nauka Publ, Leningrad (in Russian) Google Scholar
  41. Krivenko VG, Vinogradov VG (2008) Waterbirds and climate rhythms of northern Eurasia. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  42. Kucheruk VV (1948) Materials on the ecology of waterfowl of the Southern Yamal tundra. Proc IG USSR AS 41:156–163 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  43. Kucheruk VV, Kovalevsky YuV, Surbanos AG (1975) Changes in bird populations and avifauna of Southern Yamal over the past 100 years. Bull Mosc Soc Naturalists Biol Ser 80:52–64 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  44. Kuzmitch AA, Popov SV, Taushkanov EA, Banov AA, Osipov MA (2005) Avifauna of Mayan lake and surroundings. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 10:161–186 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  45. Labutin YuV, Germogenov NI, Pozdnyakov VI (1988) Birds of the near-water landscapes of the valley of the lower Lena River. Nauka Publ, Novosibirsk, pp 1–193 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  46. Leonovich VV, Uspensky SM (1965) Features of climate and life of birds in the Arctic. In: Ecology of vertebrates of the Far North. Sverdlovsk, pp 141–148 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  47. Loshchagina J, Vardeh S, Glazov P, Pollet IL, Quillfeldt P (2019) Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) ecology: insights from the Russian literature. Part 2: European part of the Russian breeding range. Polar Biol.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-019-02595-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Melnikov YuI, Popov VV, Zhovtyuk PI (2016) Number, species composition and distribution of waterfowls at the “cold” wintering place in the Angara River head in the spring of 2016. Baikal Zool J 19:81–83 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  49. Mikhel NM (1935) Materials on birds of Indigirsky region. Proc Arct Inst 31:52–58 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  50. NABCI: North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee (2014) The state of the birds 2014 report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  51. Naumov SP (1931) Mammals and birds of Gydan Peninsula. Proc Polar Comm USSR AS 4:5–106 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  52. Nikolaev VV, Kondratyev AY, Koshelev AI (2015) Biotope distribution and reproduction of birds in the tundra of the Chaun lowland, Western Chukotka. Russ J Ornithol 24:3807–3822 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  53. Northern Eurasia Anseriformes Working Group (2018) Accounting for the number and density distribution of polar bears using ultra-light aviation to assess the likelihood of conflict situations. https://www.casarca.ru/proekty-rgg/91-proekty-rgg/281-uchet-chislennosti-morskikh-utok-vdol-poberezhij-barentseva-i-karskogo-morej-v-mae-2018-g. Accessed 30 July 2019 (in Russian)
  54. Paskhalniy SP, Golovatin MG, Shtro VG (2015) Anseriformes near the coast of the Yamal Peninsula. Russ J Ornithol 24:4495–4503 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  55. Portenko LA (1972) Birds of the Chukotka Peninsula and Wrangel Island. Nauka Publ, Leningrad (in Russian) Google Scholar
  56. Poyarkov ND, Hodges J, Eldridge V (2000) Atlas of bird distribution in the coastal tundra of northeast Asia, based on aerial survey data from 1993-1995. Centre of Wildlife Conservation, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  57. Robertson GJ, Savard JL (2002) Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis), version 2.0. In: Poole AF and Gill FB (eds) The birds of North America. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  58. Rogacheva EV (1988) Birds of Central Siberia: distribution, numbers and zoogeography. Nauka Publ, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  59. Rozenfeld SB, Soloviev MYu, Kirtaev GV, Rogova NV, Ivanov MN (2017) Estimation of the spatial biotopic distribution of waterfowl in the Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansiysk Regions using ultralight aviation. Zool J 96:201–221 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  60. Rutilevskiy GL (1963) Birds of Stolbovoy Island. ANII Proc 224:93–117 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  61. Ryabitsev VK (1993) Distribution and dynamics of bird communities in the Sub-Arctic. Nauka Publ, Ekaterinburg (in Russian) Google Scholar
  62. Ryabitsev VK (2014) Birds of Siberia: field guide in two volumes, vol 1. Armchair Scientist, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  63. Ryabitsev VK, Ryzhanovsky VN, Shutov SV (1976) Consequences of intensive impact of predators on Yamal birds. In: Information materials of the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Sverdlovsk, p 7 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  64. Scalon VN (1935) New data on the fauna of mammals and birds of Siberia and Far East. Proc State Anti Plague Inst Sib Far East 2:42–64 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  65. Skov H, Heinänen S, Žydelis R, Bellebaum J, Bzoma S, Dagys M, Durinck J, Garthe S, Grishanov G, Hario M, Kieckbusch J, Kube J, Kuresoo A, Larsson K, Luigujoe L, Meissner W, Nehls HW, Nilsson L, Petersen IK, Roos MM, Pihl S, Sonntag N, Stock A, Stipniece A, Wahl J (2011) Waterbird populations and pressures in the Baltic Sea. Norden reportGoogle Scholar
  66. Sokolov VA (2003) The autumn aspect of the avifauna in south-western Yamal. Mater About Distrib Birds Urals West Sib 8:170–175 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  67. Sokolov VA (2007) Bird communities on Yamal and their dynamics. Dissertation. Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology UB RAS, Ekaterinburg (in Russian) Google Scholar
  68. Solovyova DV (2007) Waterfowl of Western Chukotka. The Nature of Wrangel Island: contemporary research. Collection of Scientific Proceedings, St. Petersburg, pp 267–294 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  69. Sosin VF, Paskhalniy SP, Shtro VG (1985) Distribution and abundance of some terrestrial vertebrates in the Arctic tundra of Yamal during summer. In: Distribution and number of terrestrial vertebrates of the Yamal Peninsula, Sverdlovsk, pp 3–33 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  70. Sotnikov VN (1997) Birds of the north-east of Kirov region. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 2:132–139 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  71. Stishov MS, Pridatko VI, Baranuk VV (1991) Birds of Wrangel Island. Nauka Publ, Novosibirsk (in Russian) Google Scholar
  72. Syroechkovsky EE, Rogacheva EV (1980) Fauna of the Krasnoyarsk region. Book publishing house, Krasnoyarsk (in Russian) Google Scholar
  73. Tarasov VV, Boyko GV (2013) Bird observations on Tobol-Ishim interfluve in autumn 2012. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 18:172–185 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  74. Tarasov VV, Ryabitsev VK, Grekhov HU, Lyakhov AG (2001) The avifauna around Makushino. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 6:160–166 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  75. Tiunov IM, Blokhin AY (2015) Nesting of the Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis on northern Sakhalin Island. Russ J Ornithol 24:2176–2178 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  76. Tomkovich PS, Sorokin AG (1983) The fauna of birds of Eastern Chukotka. In: Proceedings of the Zoological Museum of Moscow University, Moscow, pp 77–159 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  77. Torgashov OA (2002) Anseriformes and Charadriiformes in the Belaya River basin of Meleuz city. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 7:254–258 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  78. Tsvetkov AV (1997) Materials about the distributions of birds in central Gydan. Distrib Birds Urals Cisurals West Sib 2:140–144 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  79. Tugarinov AY (1941) Anseriformes. In: Fauna of USSR, vol 1: Birds. USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Leningrad (in Russian) Google Scholar
  80. Tugarinov AI, Tolmachev AI (1934) Materials about the avifauna of Eastern Taymyr. Proc Polar Comm USSR AS 6:1–47 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  81. Tyulin AN (1938) The fauna of game species of Bely Island. Proc Sci Res Inst Polar Agric Livest Fish 1:5–39 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  82. Wilson RE, Gust JR, Petersen MR, Talbot SL (2016) Spatial genetic structure of Long-tailed Ducks (Clangula hyemalis) among Alaskan, Canadian, and Russian Breeding Populations. Arctic 69:65–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Yakimenko VV (1998) Materials about the distribution of birds in Omsk region. Fauna Ural Sib 1:192–221 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  84. Zhitkov BM (1912) Birds of the Yamal peninsula. Yearbook Zool Mus Acad Sci 17:311–369 (in Russian) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesEkaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Animal Ecology & SystematicsJustus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany

Personalised recommendations