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The trehalose-6-phosphate synthase TPS5 negatively regulates ABA signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Lianfu Tian
  • Zijing Xie
  • Changqing Lu
  • Xiaohua Hao
  • Sha Wu
  • Yuan Huang
  • Dongping LiEmail author
  • Liangbi ChenEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Key message

The TPS5 negatively regulates ABA signaling by mediating ROS level and NR activity during seed germination and stomatal closure in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Abstract

Trehalose metabolism is important in plant growth and development and in abiotic stress response. Eleven TPS genes were identified in Arabidopsis, divided into Class I (TPS1TPS4) and Class II (TPS5TPS11). Although Class I has been shown to have TPS activity, the function of most members of Class II remains enigmatic. Here, we characterized the biological function of the trehalose-6-phosphate synthase TPS5 in ABA signaling in Arabidopsis. TPS5 expression was induced by ABA and abiotic stress, and expression in epidermal and guard cells was dramatically increased after ABA treatment. Loss-of-function analysis revealed that tps5 mutants (tps5-1 and tps5-cas9) are more sensitive to ABA during seed germination and ABA-mediated stomatal closure. Furthermore, the H2O2 level increased in the tps5-1 and tps5-cas9 mutants, which was consistent with the changes in the expression of RbohD and RbohF, key genes responsible for H2O2 production. Further, TPS5 knockout reduced the amounts of trehalose and other soluble carbohydrates as well as nitrate reductase (NR) activity. In vitro, trehalose and other soluble carbohydrates promoted NR activity, which was blocked by the tricarboxylic acid cycle inhibitor iodoacetic acid. Thus, this study identified that TPS5 functions as a negative regulator of ABA signaling and is involved in altering the trehalose content and NR activity.

Keywords

ABA TPS5 NR activity Stomatal closure Seed germination 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ER

Endoplasmic reticulum

GFP

Green fluorescent protein

NR

Nitrate reductase

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

T6P

Trehalose-6-phosphasynthetase

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Jiankang Zhu for kindly providing CRISPR/cas9 vectors. This work was supported by grants of NSFC (31570316; 31371244), HNNSF (2016JJ2089), Project of Hunan Provincial Education Department (17C0974, 13C638), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M542118).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lianfu Tian
    • 1
  • Zijing Xie
    • 1
  • Changqing Lu
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Hao
    • 1
  • Sha Wu
    • 1
  • Yuan Huang
    • 1
  • Dongping Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Liangbi Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Crop Sterile Germplasm Resource Innovation and Application, College of Life SciencesHunan Normal UniversityChangsha CityChina

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