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Auxins in potato: molecular aspects and emerging roles in tuber formation and stress resistance

  • Oksana O. Kolachevskaya
  • Sergey N. Lomin
  • Dmitry V. Arkhipov
  • Georgy A. RomanovEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

The study of the effects of auxins on potato tuberization corresponds to one of the oldest experimental systems in plant biology, which has remained relevant for over 70 years. However, only recently, in the postgenomic era, the role of auxin in tuber formation and other vital processes in potatoes has begun to emerge. This review describes the main results obtained over the entire period of auxin-potato research, including the effects of exogenous auxin; the content and dynamics of endogenous auxins; the effects of manipulating endogenous auxin content; the molecular mechanisms of auxin signaling, transport and inactivation; the role and position of auxin among other tuberigenic factors; the effects of auxin on tuber dormancy; the prospects for auxin use in potato biotechnology. Special attention is paid to recent insights into auxin function in potato tuberization and stress resistance. Taken together, the data discussed here leave no doubt on the important role of auxin in potato tuberization, particularly in the processes of tuber initiation, growth and sprouting. A new integrative model for the stage-dependent auxin action on tuberization is presented. In addition, auxin is shown to differentially affects the potato resistance to biotrophic and necrotrophic biopathogens. Thus, the modern auxin biology opens up new perspectives for further biotechnological improvement of potato crops.

Keywords

Auxin Indole-3-acetic acid Potato Solanum tuberosum Tuber Tuberization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. Viktoria Nikiforova for the proofreading the manuscript and valuable suggestions. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant no. 17-74-20181.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Signaling Systems, Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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