Heterologous expression of TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b enhances Ca2+ and Zn2+ translocation in Arabidopsis
TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b improved Ca2+ and Zn2+ translocation and TuCAX1b enhanced Ca2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Fe2+ content when exposed to Cd2+; Cd2+ translocation was inhibited under Ca2+ and Zn2+.
Cation/H+ antiporters (CAXs) are involved in the translocation of Ca2+ and various metal ions in higher plants. In the present study, TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b, two cation/H+ antiporters, were isolated from the diploid wheat Triticum urartu, and their metal cation translocation functions investigated. TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b showed abundant tissue-specific expression in the internode and beard, respectively, and their expression levels were increased in shoots exposed to Cd2+, Zn2+ and Ca2+. Plant phenotype analysis showed that overexpression of TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b could improve the tolerance of Arabidopsis to exogenous Ca2+ and Zn2+. In the plant shoots and roots, the contents of Ca2+ and Zn2+ were higher than wild-type plants under Ca2+ and Zn2+ treatments, indicating that TuCAX1a and TuCAX1b can enhance Ca2+ and Zn2+ translocation. Ca2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Fe2+ contents showed higher accumulation in TuCAX1b-transgenic Arabidopsis shoots than in wild-type plants exposed to Cd2+, and the translocation of Cd2+ was inhibited under Ca2+ and Zn2+. Overall, the present study provides a novel genetic resource for improving the uptake of microelements and reducing accumulation of toxic heavy metals in wheat.
KeywordsTriticum urartu TuCAX1a TuCAX1b Heavy metal Tolerance Translocation
This work was supported by the Young Scientists Fund (Grant no. 31800200), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 31370281) and Joint Fund of Research utilizing Large-scale Scientific Facilities (CN) (Grant no. U1632111).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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