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Effects of the polymer composite composition and amine-based additives on the performance of a polymer composite CO2 separation membrane

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Abstract

In this study, a CO2 separation membrane was prepared by blending polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and a water-absorbing agent. The effects of the blend composition and the addition of amine-based additives on the separation performance were examined. Membrane preparation by blending PVA and two types of water-absorbing agents promoted the permeation of CO2 and He, while selectivity of CO2 relative to He was slightly decreased. The addition of amine-based additives to the membrane improved the pressure resistance when pressurized from 0.1 to 0.7 MPa at 60 °C, and therefore also improved the separation performance. Changing the combination of PVA and the two types of water-absorbing agents during the preparation of the membrane materials led to a further enhancement of the separation performance. Thus, in this study, a CO2 separation membrane with a high separation performance and a pressure resistance of up to 0.7 MPa at 60 °C under humidification was prepared.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), KAKENHI Grant 17 JP17K00634.

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Correspondence to Fuminori Ito.

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Ito, F., Nishiyama, Y., Duan, S. et al. Effects of the polymer composite composition and amine-based additives on the performance of a polymer composite CO2 separation membrane. Polym. Bull. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-020-03122-6

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Keywords

  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Water-absorbing agent
  • Amine-based additives
  • Carbonate
  • CO2 separation membrane