Preparation of new PVC composite using green reduced graphene oxide and its effects in thermal and mechanical properties
- 16 Downloads
In the present study, it was focused on developing mechanically stronger and thermally more stable polyvinyl chloride (PVC) composites by using green reduced graphene oxide (GRGO) filler to strengthen the negative features of PVC. For this purpose, GRGO reduced by vitamin C (ascorbic acid) with antibacterial properties was selected as filler. The PVC/GRGO composites were produced via colloidal blending method at different amounts of GRGO in PVC matrix (0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 1% by weight), while pure PVC was also produced for comparison. The XRD and FTIR results showed that GRGO incorporated in the polymer matrix; this finding was also evident in SEM analysis. TGA and DSC analyses showed that the composite with 1% loading content of GRGO provided an important improvement on the thermal stability. The tensile strength and hardness of the composite having 0.1% GRGO increased by 42% and 98%, respectively. SEM image of PVC/GRGO-0.1 composite showed the galleries of GRGO filled with PVC. As a consequence, thermal and mechanical properties of PVC can be altered by changing loading content of GRGO. Moreover, the GRGO may be a good candidate for substitution of harmful fillers for PVC-based products.
KeywordsGreen reduced graphene oxide PVC Composite Thermal properties Mechanical properties
The authors thank the financial support of the research foundation (Project No: 2015-02.BSEU.07-01) of Bilecik Seyh Edebali University.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 2.Dan-asabe B (2016) Thermo-mechanical characterization of banana particulate reinforced PVC composite as piping material. JKSUES 223:1–9Google Scholar
- 10.Deshmukh K, Khatake SM, Joshi GM (2013) Surface properties of graphene oxide reinforced polyvinyl chloride nanocomposites. J Polym Res 20(286):1–11Google Scholar
- 14.Mindivan F (2015) The synthesis, thermal and structural characterization of polyvinylchloride/graphene oxide (PVC/GO) composites. Mater Sci Non-Equilib Phase Transform 3:33–36Google Scholar
- 31.Zhu C, Guo S, Fang Y, Dong S (2010) Reducing sugar: new functional molecules for the green synthesis of graphene nanosheets. J Am Chem Soc 4:2429–2437Google Scholar
- 34.Kamisan AI, Kamisan AS, Md Ali R, Tunku Kudin TI, Hassan OH, Halim NA, Yahya MZA (2015) Synthesis of graphene via green reduction of graphene oxide with simple sugars. Adv Mat Res 1107:542–546Google Scholar
- 36.Khosroshahi Z, Kharaziha M, Karimzadeh F, Allafchian A (2018) Green reduction of graphene oxide by ascorbic acid. AIP Conf Proc 1920:020009-1–020009-7Google Scholar
- 37.Mindivan F, Göktaş M (2018) Green synthesis of reduced graphene oxide (RGNO)/polyvinylchloride (PVC) composites and their structural characterization. Mater Res Forum LLC 8:143–151Google Scholar
- 40.Yassin AY, Mohamed AR, Abdelrazek EM, Morsi MA, Abdelghany AM (2018) Structural investigation and enhancement of optical, electrical and thermal properties of poly (vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate-co-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate)/graphene oxide nanocomposites. J Mater Res Technol ın pressGoogle Scholar
- 41.Yassin AY, Mohamed AR, Abdelghany AM, Abdelrazek EM (2018) Enhancement of dielectric properties and AC electrical conductivity of nanocomposite using poly (vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate-co-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate) filled with graphene oxide. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 29(18):15931–15945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 43.ASTM D 3822 (1997) Standard test method for tensile properties of single textile fibers. Am Soc Test MaterGoogle Scholar