Advertisement

Study on the effect of m-phenylenediamine as a cross-linking agent on the mechanical, chemical and thermal properties and performance of cellulose acetate/nanodiamond membranes

  • Haleh Nourizadeh Kazerouni
  • Yoones JafarzadehEmail author
  • Reza Yegani
Original Paper
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, cellulose acetate (CA) membrane was cross-linked via m-phenylenediamine (m-PDA) to improve its mechanical, chemical and thermal properties. At first, membranes containing 0.25 wt%, 0.50 wt%, 0.75 wt% and 1.00 wt% cross-linker were prepared. Contact angle measurement, mean pore radius, porosity, water content, tensile strength, elongation and pure water flux analysis were performed characterization of the membranes. The results indicated that optimum concentration of m-PDA was 0.25 wt%. Thus, different amounts of carboxylated nanodiamonds (ND-COOH) were added to 0.25 wt% cross-linked cellulose acetate to increase abrasion resistance and pure water flux of membranes. The results of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed that ND nanoparticles were successfully carboxylated. Membranes containing 0.25 wt% m-PDA and different percentages (0.25, 0.50, 0,75 and 1.00 wt%) of ND-COOH were prepared, and the results of contact angle measurement, mean pore radius, porosity, water content, tensile strength, elongation and pure water flux analyses indicated that the optimum concentration of nanoparticles was 0.25 wt% of ND-COOH. CA, CA/m-PDA (0.25 wt%) and CA/m-PDA (0.25 wt%)/ND-COOH (0.25 wt%) membranes were characterized by abrasion resistance, FTIR, field emission scanning electron microscopy, chlorine resistance and differential scanning calorimetry analyses. Moreover, the performance of neat CA and optimum membranes was studied by filtration of humic acid solution in a dead-end system. It was found that CA/m-PDA (0.25 wt%) membrane had the highest rejection and better flux recovery ratio after physical cleaning.

Keywords

Cross-linking Membrane Cellulose acetate Phenylenediamine Nanodiamonds 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Seredyńska-Sobecka B, Tomaszewska M, Morawski AW (2006) Removal of humic acids by the ozonation–biofiltration process. Desalination 198:265–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Han N, Huang G, An C, Zhao S, Yao Y, Fu H, Li W (2015) Removal of sulfonated humic acid through a hybrid electrocoagulation–ultrafiltration process. Ind Eng Chem Res 54:5793–5801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li G, Shang J, Wang Y, Li Y, Gao H (2013) Effect of calcium on adsorption capacity of powdered activated carbon. J Environ Sci 25:101–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wu Y, Zhou S, Ye X, Zhao R, Chen D (2011) Oxidation and coagulation removal of humic acid using Fenton process. Colloids Surf A 379:151–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Akbari A, Yegani R, Pourabbas B, Behboudi A (2016) Fabrication and study of fouling characteristics of HDPE/PEG grafted silica nanoparticles composite membrane for filtration of Humic acid. Chem Eng Res Des 109:282–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dehkordi FS, Pakizeh M, Namvar-Mahboub M (2015) Properties and ultrafiltration efficiency of cellulose acetate/organically modified Mt (CA/OMMt) nanocomposite membrane for humic acid removal. Appl Clay Sci 105:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Etemadi H, Yegani R, Babaeipour V (2017) Performance evaluation and antifouling analyses of cellulose acetate/nanodiamond nanocomposite membranes in water treatment. J Appl Polym Sci 134:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Peeva PD, Palupi AE, Ulbricht M (2011) Ultrafiltration of humic acid solutions through unmodified and surface functionalized low-fouling polyethersulfone membranes—effects of feed properties, molecular weight cut-off and membrane chemistry on fouling behavior and cleanability. Sep Purif Technol 81:124–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Behboudi A, Jafarzadeh Y, Yegani R (2018) Incorporation of silica grafted silver nanoparticles into polyvinyl chloride/polycarbonate hollow fiber membranes for pharmaceutical wastewater treatment. Chem Eng Res Des 135:153–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Javadi M, Jafarzadeh Y, Yegani R, Kazemi S (2018) PVDF membranes embedded with PVP functionalized nanodiamond for pharmaceutical wastewater treatment. Chem Eng Res Des 140:241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rajesh S, Senthilkumar S, Jayalakshmi A, Nirmala M, Ismail A, Mohan D (2013) Preparation and performance evaluation of poly (amide–imide) and TiO2 nanoparticles impregnated polysulfone nanofiltration membranes in the removal of humic substances. Colloids Surf A 418:92–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ng LY, Mohammad AW, Leo CP, Hilal N (2013) Polymeric membranes incorporated with metal/metal oxide nanoparticles: a comprehensive review. Desalination 308:15–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shao J, Zhao L, Chen X, He Y (2013) Humic acid rejection and flux decline with negatively charged membranes of different spacer arm lengths and charge groups. J Membr Sci 435:38–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bai H, Zhou Y, Wang X, Zhang L (2012) The permeability and mechanical properties of cellulose acetate membranes blended with polyethylene glycol 600 for treatment of municipal sewage. Proc Environ Sci 16:346–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Candido R, Godoy G, Gonçalves AR (2017) Characterization and application of cellulose acetate synthesized from sugarcane bagasse. Carbohydr Polym 167:280–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Etemadi H, Yegani R, Babaeipour V (2016) Study on the reinforcing effect of nanodiamond particles on the mechanical, thermal and antibacterial properties of cellulose acetate membranes. Diam Relat Mater 69:166–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lee JS, Heo SA, Jo HJ, Min BR (2016) Preparation and characteristics of cross-linked cellulose acetate ultrafiltration membranes with high chemical resistance and mechanical strength. React Funct Polym 99:114–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Arthanareeswaran G, Thanikaivelan P, Raguime JA, Raajenthiren M, Mohan D (2007) Metal ion separation and protein removal from aqueous solutions using modified cellulose acetate membranes: role of polymeric additives. Sep Purif Technol 55:8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gebru KA, Das C (2017) Removal of bovine serum albumin from wastewater using fouling resistant ultrafiltration membranes based on the blends of cellulose acetate, and PVP–TiO2 nanoparticles. J Environ Manag 200:283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Etemadi H, Yegani R, Seyfollahi M (2017) The effect of amino functionalized and polyethylene glycol grafted nanodiamond on anti-biofouling properties of cellulose acetate membrane in membrane bioreactor systems. Sep Purif Technol 177:350–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang M, Field RW, Zhang K (2014) Biogenic silver nanocomposite polyethersulfone UF membranes with antifouling properties. J Membr Sci 471:274–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sivakumar M, Mohanasundaram A, Mohan D, Balu K, Rangarajan R (1998) Modification of cellulose acetate: its characterization and application as an ultrafiltration membrane. J Appl Polym Sci 67:1939–1946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jafarzadeh Y, Yegani R, Sedaghat M (2015) Preparation, characterization and fouling analysis of ZnO/polyethylene hybrid membranes for collagen separation. Chem Eng Res Des 94:417–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Behboudi A, Jafarzadeh Y, Yegani R (2017) Polyvinyl chloride/polycarbonate blend ultrafiltration membranes for water treatment. J Membr Sci 534:18–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Saljoughi E, Amirilargani M, Mohammadi T (2010) Effect of PEG additive and coagulation bath temperature on the morphology, permeability and thermal/chemical stability of asymmetric CA membranes. Desalination 262:72–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Anitha S, Brabu B, Thiruvadigal DJ, Gopalakrishnan C, Natarajan T (2012) Optical, bactericidal and water repellent properties of electrospun nano-composite membranes of cellulose acetate and ZnO. Carbohydr Polym 87:1065–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ahsani M, Yegani R (2015) Study on the fouling behavior of silica nanocomposite modified polypropylene membrane in purification of collagen protein. Chem Eng Res Des 102:261–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  2. 2.Membrane Technology Research CenterSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran

Personalised recommendations