Peripherally functionalized based dendrimers as the template for synthesis of silver nanoparticles and investigation the affecting factors on their properties

  • Hassan NamaziEmail author
  • Ahmad Mohammad Pour Fard
  • Malihe Pooresmaeil
Original Paper


Today, dendrimers (D) were introduced as a versatile template for the synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs). In this work, the stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is successfully synthesized through the chemical reduction of AgNO3 using NaBH4 as a reducing agent. Synthesis of AgNPs was performed in the presence of different generations of citric acid-based dendrimers (G1, G2 and G3) and hydroxyl-terminated citric acid-based dendrimers (G1-OH, G2-OH and G3-OH). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron diffraction and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis were used to characterize the synthesized AgNPs. UV–Vis results were used for the qualitative study of the synthesized AgNPs properties. With varying the molar ratio of dendrimer/Ag+, generations of dendrimers and the pH of the solution, the size and size distribution of AgNPs could be easily controlled at room temperature. The average diameter of the synthesized AgNPs in the presence of Gn-OH was in the range of 8–20 nm. Results show that G1-OH alkaline medium with 1:1 molar ratio of D/Ag is the optimum condition for the synthesis of AgNPs. All the obtained results from this study showed that controlling the medium conditions allows AgNPs with the desired size to be obtained.

Graphical abstract


Dendrimer Citric acid Silver nanoparticles Hydroxyl-terminated dendrimer Chemical reduction 



We would like to acknowledge the Excellence Center of New Materials and Clean Chemistry, University of Tabriz (Grant #8419645105) and Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Tabriz University of Medical Science for the financial supports for this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Dendrimers and Nanopolymers, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology (RCPN)Tabriz University of Medical ScienceTabrizIran

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