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Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 6, pp 3207–3231 | Cite as

Electrochemical supercapacitors of PANI/MWCNT, PEDOT/MWCNT and P(ANI-co-EDOT)/MWCNT nanocomposites

  • Murat AtesEmail author
  • Mehmet Akif Serin
  • Sinan Calisskan
Original Paper
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the composite formations of polyaniline (PANI)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)/MWCNT, and poly(aniline-co-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (P(ANI-co-EDOT))/MWCNT were synthesized on glassy carbon electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) method. The composite films were characterized by CV, Fourier transform infrared–attenuated reflection spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, thermogravimetric analysis–differential thermal analysis, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface analysis, transmission electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The modified electrodes were characterized by CV, galvanostatic charge/discharge and EIS analysis to measure the capacitance, energy and power density values. The highest specific capacitance was obtained as Csp = 590.71 F/g for PANI/MWCNT at a scan rate of 50 mV/s by CV method. The PANI/MWCNT composites are promising electrode materials for high-performance electrical energy storage devices compared to PEDOT/MWCNT or P(ANI-co-EDOT)/MWCNT. The stability tests were also taken for nanocomposite films. PEDOT/MWCNT composites present excellent long cycle life with 97.44% specific capacitance retained after 500 cycles.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Composites Nanostructures Energy storage P(ANI-co-EDOT)/MWCNT PANI/MWCNT PEDOT/MWCNT 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial support from Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey, project number: NKUBAP.01.YL.15.003, is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and SciencesNamik Kemal UniversityTekirdagTurkey

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