Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 6, pp 3039–3058 | Cite as

Multi-response optimization in impregnation of chitosan nanoparticles on polyester fabric

  • Zulfiqar Ali RazaEmail author
  • Faiza Anwar
  • Sharjeel Abid
Original Paper


A Taguchi design was employed to optimize the recipe for in vitro antibacterial activity of polyester fabric treated with chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs), which were prepared using sodium tripolyphosphate as cross-linker under ionic gelation method. The CNPs treated polyester fabric with recommended recipe under Taguchi design showed about 5 mm zone of inhibition against E. coli and 5.5 mm against S. aureus. Scanning electron microscopy installed with an energy-dispersive x-ray detector was used to observe the morphology and presence of CNPs on the treated fabric. Based on statistical design, it was found that optimum process conditions were 15 g/l of CNPs, 90 g/l of cross-linker and 140 °C curing temperature. Analysis of variation indicated that the concentration of CNPs and cross-linker significantly affected the antibacterial properties of polyester fabric. Finally, a validation run confirmed the authenticity of proposed recipe. The polyester fabric showed good antibacterial activity with minimum loss of its inherent textile properties.


Antibacterial Chitosan Polyester fabric Nanoparticles 



The authors highly recognize the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for research fund to conduct this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zulfiqar Ali Raza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Faiza Anwar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sharjeel Abid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied SciencesNational Textile UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.School of Textile and DesignUniversity of Management and TechnologyLahorePakistan

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