Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 6, pp 3003–3016 | Cite as

Electropolymerization of styrene in alcoholic solution and preparation of its bilayer with polyacrylamide

  • Morteza DarafarinEmail author
  • Hormoz Eslami
  • Ehsan Raoufian
Original Paper


Polystyrene (PS) was electropolymerized on a stainless steel surface via a potentiostatic method, and the same was used to make its bilayers with polyacrylamide. Scanning electron microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy results showed that PS layers have formed two types of protrusions on the surface: nano-/microsphere-like and non-uniform microcubes at low (2 V) and high (2.8 V) voltages, respectively. Mean diameter of the polymeric protrusions increased with time. Synthesis and morphology of PS particles could be controlled by voltage changes. It was shown that Avrami equation could be used to relate the nuclei growth and time. Electropolymerization of styrene on the surface of an electrode coated with synthesized uniform nanoporous beam layer resulted in bilayer films as did the electropolymerization of acrylamide on the surface of the PS-coated electrode. This is a promising method for the preparation of reinforced hydrogels with micro-/nanoparticles for improving mechanical properties.


Electropolymerization Polystyrene Polyacrylamide Bilayer Nanostructure Avrami equation 

Supplementary material

289_2018_2514_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2008 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morteza Darafarin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hormoz Eslami
    • 2
  • Ehsan Raoufian
    • 1
  1. 1.Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)MahshahrIran
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Engineering and Color TechnologyAmirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)TehranIran

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