Effect of SiO2 nanoparticles on compression behavior of flexible polyurethane foam
- 65 Downloads
In the current study, flexible polyurethane foam was reinforced with different contents of SiO2 nanoparticles (0.5–2 wt%). Compression test was performed in a range of strain rates (1–20 min−1), and compression set test was also done at different temperatures. Results showed that addition of SiO2 nanoparticles improved compression properties of PU foam and the sample with 0.5 wt% SiO2 nanoparticles exhibited the highest mechanical performance with about 180 and 40% improvements in the compressive plateau and densification stress. Strain rate was showing a positive effect on these parameters with the enhancements of 360 and 90%. It was also shown that the temperature had a remarkable effect on compression set behavior of nanocomposite as the values change from 0.5% at − 20 °C to near 79% at 100 °C. Finally, microscopy micrographs confirmed the appearance of larger cell pores and a greater tendency for incomplete cell opening with increasing SiO2 content.
KeywordsPolyurethanes Foams Compression set Nanoparticles Composites
- 14.Skorpenske RG, Solis R, Kuklies RA, Schrock AK, Turner RB (1992) Compression set mechanisms in flexible polyurethane foam. Proc SPI Annu Tech Mark Conf 34:650–659Google Scholar