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Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 447–467 | Cite as

Synthesis of multiblock linear polyether functional amino silicone softener and its modification of surface properties on cotton fabrics

  • Yuan Wei
  • Cheng ZhengEmail author
  • Peng Chen
  • Qiming Yu
  • Taoyan Mao
  • Jing Lin
  • Liqiang Liu
Original Paper
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

Multiblock copolymers of polyether-modified amino silicone softener (ETSO-PEA) were successfully synthesized with epoxy-terminated polysiloxane (ETSO) and polyether amine. The chemical structure of ETSO-PEA was characterized by 1H NMR, FTIR and TGA. Single-factor and orthogonal array design experiments affecting the conversion rate of product were carried out to investigate the optimal reaction conditions. In the first two steps, the data between viscosity/conversion rate and reaction time showed that the two steps were both kinetic first-scale reaction. The application of ETSO-PEA used as softener on cotton fabrics was studied. The results showed that the ETSO-PEA-treated cotton fabrics expressed better hydrophilicity, wettability and whiteness than traditional amino silicone softener-treated samples. The morphology images indicated that the scales and clearance on the surface of the untreated cotton fibers were covered with a smooth film after treating with the silicones solution. Amino silicone softener was fixed onto the cotton fabrics, and the surface was modified with a formation of network structure. Meanwhile, the extent of networking and crosslinking was enhanced a lot, which provided a good soft handle. The polyether segment with less bending on the ETSO-PEA disrupted the continuous arrangement of Si–CH3 groups and limited the movement of polysiloxane segment, giving the cotton fabric a better hydrophilic and slightly rougher surface than ATSO-treated samples. This work provided an optimized and cost-effective method to synthesize high-performance multiblock polyether functional amino silicone softener.

Keywords

Silicone softener Hydrophilicity Whiteness Morphology Kinetics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledged the support of the National Science Foundation of China Project (No. 21676061).

Supplementary material

289_2018_2375_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1640 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan Wei
    • 1
  • Cheng Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peng Chen
    • 1
  • Qiming Yu
    • 2
  • Taoyan Mao
    • 1
  • Jing Lin
    • 1
  • Liqiang Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Griffith School of EngineeringGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia

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