Nanodispersion in transparent polymer matrix with high melting temperature contributing to the hybridization of heat-resistant organo-modified nanodiamond
- 173 Downloads
The outermost surface of a nanodiamond was modified with long-chain phosphonic acids. The thermal desorption of the modified chain was suppressed until 350 °C. Nanohybrids of the phosphonic acid-modified nanodiamonds were formed by melt-compounding them with transparent polymers with high melting points over 230 °C. The transparency of the nanohybrids containing the nanodiamonds was maintained and the size of the aggregated nanoparticles on the surface was found to be in the range of 40–70 nm. The melting temperature of the nanohybrid increased compared to that of the matrix polymer, and the D 200 crystallite size also improved. In addition, mechanical properties improved, and thermal degradation temperatures also increased; this is attributed to the good dispersion of the nanodiamonds in the polymer matrix. Furthermore, the nanohybrid exhibited the image projection ability derived from nanodiamonds with high refractive index dispersed in the matrix. Darkening due to carbonization was observed in the nanohybrid consisting of crystalline-fluorinated polymers, but it was overcome by complexing the modified nanodiamond with a fluorinated long-chain phosphonic acid. The desorbed modified chains were assumed to get incorporated into the fluoropolymer with a high molten viscosity and cause carbonization, and it seems that the miscibility of the fluorinated-modified chain resolved this issue.
KeywordsNanodiamond Heat-resistant Surface modification Nanodispersion Nanocomposite Transparent nanohybrids
The authors greatly appreciate the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) for providing a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research [C, 17K05986 (A. F.)]. Furthermore, authors would like to thank Mr. Koichi Umemoto, Dr. Daisuke Shiro, Mr. Atsushi Kume, and Mr. Hisayoshi Ito of DAICEL Corporation for providing nanodiamond samples. A. F. offers heartfelt condolences to family and friends of his mentor, Professor Hiroo Nakahara, Saitama University who expired on December 6, 2016.
- 20.Fujimori A, Kasahara Y, Honda N, Akasaka S (2015) The role of modifying molecular chains in the formation of organized molecular films of organo-modified nanodiamond: construction of a highly-ordered low defect particle layer, and evaluation of desorption behavior of organic chains. Langmuir 31:2895–2904CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 23.Umemoto K, Kume A, Ito H, Fujimori A (2016) Japan Patent JP2017-35673Google Scholar
- 24.Umemoto K, Kume A, Ito H, Fujimori A (2017) Japan Patent, JP2016-162469Google Scholar
- 30.Criado J, Real C (1983) Mechanism of the inhibiting effect of phosphate on the anatase rutile transformation induced by thermal and mechanical treatment of TiO2. J Chem Soc 79:2765–2771Google Scholar
- 32.Sakajiri K, Masuko S, Kaneko T, Masuda H, Tadamasa T, Watanabe J, Tokita M (2014) Nanodiamond-dispersed transparent screen. NIHON GAZOU GAKKAISHI 53:426–429Google Scholar
- 40.Wang Y, Huang H, Zang J, Meng F, Dong L, Su J (2012) Electrochemical behavior of fluorinated and aminated nanodiamond. Int J Electrochem Sci 7:6807–6815Google Scholar
- 44.Dorigato A, Pegoretti A (2010) Tensile creep behaviour of polymethylpentene–silica nanocomposites. Polym Int 59:719–724Google Scholar
- 49.Xing Q, Zhang XQ, Luo FL, Liu GM, Wang DJ (2011) Influence of stretching on crystallization behavior of poly(l-lactic acid). Chem J Chin U 32:971–977Google Scholar
- 52.Klug HP, Alexander LE (1974) X-ray diffraction procedures. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar