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Multiphase modelling of tumour growth and extracellular matrix interaction: mathematical tools and applications

Abstract

Resorting to a multiphase modelling framework, tumours are described here as a mixture of tumour and host cells within a porous structure constituted by a remodelling extracellular matrix (ECM), which is wet by a physiological extracellular fluid. The model presented in this article focuses mainly on the description of mechanical interactions of the growing tumour with the host tissue, their influence on tumour growth, and the attachment/detachment mechanisms between cells and ECM. Starting from some recent experimental evidences, we propose to describe the interaction forces involving the extracellular matrix via some concepts coming from viscoplasticity. We then apply the model to the description of the growth of tumour cords and the formation of fibrosis.

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Correspondence to Luigi Preziosi.

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Preziosi, L., Tosin, A. Multiphase modelling of tumour growth and extracellular matrix interaction: mathematical tools and applications. J. Math. Biol. 58, 625 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00285-008-0218-7

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Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

  • 92C10
  • 92C50