A single-center, open-label study investigating the excretion balance, pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and absolute bioavailability of a single oral dose of [14C]-labeled idasanutlin and an intravenous tracer dose of [13C]-labeled idasanutlin in a single cohort of patients with solid tumors
Idasanutlin, a selective small-molecule MDM2 antagonist in phase 3 testing for refractory/relapsed AML, is a non-genotoxic p53 activator with oral administration. To determine the need to conduct dedicated trial(s) for organ impairment on pharmacokinetic (PK) exposure and/or drug–drug interactions, a single dose of [14C]- and [13C]-labeled idasanutlin was evaluated.
This study was an open-label, non-randomized, single-center trial of idasanutlin to investigate the excretion balance, pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and absolute bioavailability of a single oral dose of [14C]-labeled idasanutlin and an IV tracer dose of [13C]-labeled idasanutlin in a single cohort of patients with solid tumors. After completing cycle 1 assessments, patients could have participated in an optional treatment extension of idasanutlin. Clinical endpoints were PK, and safety/tolerability.
Co-administration of an oral dose of idasanutlin with an IV tracer dose revealed low systemic CL, a moderate Vd, and a moderate (40.1%) absolute bioavailability of idasanutlin. Idasanutlin and its major inactive metabolite, M4, were the major circulating moieties in plasma, and excretion of idasanutlin-associated radioactivity was primarily via the fecal route (91.5% of the dose), with negligible amounts recovered in urine, following oral administration.
The clinical implications of this study support the conclusion that renal impairment is unlikely to significantly impact exposure to idasanutlin and M4 metabolite, whereas a significant hepatic impairment may potentially alter exposure to the parent drug and/or metabolite(s). The potential for drug–drug interactions is low.
KeywordsIdasanutlin MDM2 antagonist Mass balance Absolute bioavailability Metabolic profiling
The authors would like to acknowledge key contributions from Roche colleagues, investigational site staff, and patient volunteers.
The study was sponsored by F. Hoffmann-La Roche. The funding sources had no role in the design, analysis, and interpretation of the results, and thus the authors were independent from the funding source.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
LC, SB, FV, RJ, and JZ are employees of Roche. DD was an employee of Rutgers University, through a fellowship grant from Roche.
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