Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 217–221 | Cite as

Development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma after prolonged exposure to pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and hand–foot syndrome: a newly recognized toxicity

  • Daniel F. Pease
  • Bruce A. Peterson
  • Scott Gilles
  • Maria K. Hordinsky
  • Kimberly A. Bohjanen
  • Keith M. SkubitzEmail author
Short Communication


Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) can be administered for prolonged periods with minimal toxicity. The risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with this therapy has not been reported. We describe cutaneous SCC of the plantar foot in two patients exposed to high doses of PLD. A 50-year-old man with angiosarcoma received a total PLD dose of 1350 mg/m2 and developed cutaneous SCC of bilateral plantar feet. A 45-year-old woman with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma was treated with a total PLD dose of 1142 mg/m2 with subsequent diagnosis of cutaneous SCC of the right plantar foot. No risk factors for SCC of the plantar foot were identified in either patient. Cutaneous SCC is likely an unreported side effect of prolonged exposure to PLD. An extended duration of hand–foot syndrome from other anti-cancer drugs may also share this risk. Regular complete skin examination with early intervention for suspicious lesions is indicated in this patient population.


Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin Doxorubicin Sarcoma Lymphoma Drug-related side effect 



We would like to thank Michael Franklin for providing copyediting assistance on this manuscript, and the Kevin Franklin and James Dinnerstein families for research support.


There are no funding sources to report related to this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no potential conflicts of interests to report.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Oncology, and TransplantationUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Hennepin County Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of PathologyUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA
  5. 5.Thedacare, AppletonUSA

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