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Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 115–122 | Cite as

Regorafenib or rechallenge chemotherapy: which is more effective in the third-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer?

  • Osman KöstekEmail author
  • Muhammet Bekir Hacıoğlu
  • Abdullah Sakin
  • Tarık Demir
  • Murat Sarı
  • Ozlem Ozkul
  • Murat Araz
  • Aysun Fatma Doğan
  • Nazım Can Demircan
  • Sernaz Uzunoğlu
  • İrfan Çiçin
  • Bülent Erdoğan
Original Article
  • 169 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the efficacy and safety of regorafenib versus rechallenge chemotherapy in previously treated mCRC patients in third-line setting.

Materials and methods

The data of 104 patients diagnosed with mCRC enrolled from 2010 to 2017 in six oncology centers were analyzed. Tumor treatment options were obtained from follow-up and treatment files. Rechallenge chemotherapy was identified as the re-use of the regimen which was previously administered to patients in one of the therapy lines and obtained disease control, these were the patients whose disease did not progress within 3 months.

Results

A total of 104 patients had received previously two lines of chemotherapy regimens for mCRC. Of these, 73 patients with mCRC who received regorafenib and 31 those who received rechallenge chemotherapy in third-line therapy were analyzed. Overall survival was better with rechallenge than it was with regorafenib (HR 0.29 95% CI 0.16–0.54, p < 0.001). Median OS was 12.0 months (95% CI 8.1–15.9) in rechallenge versus 6.6 months (95% CI 6.0–7.3) in regorafenib group (p < 0.001). Progression-free survival in the rechallenge group showed a higher median value of 9.16 months (95% CI 7.15–11.18) versus with that recorded in the regorafenib group of 3.41 months (95% CI 3.01–3.82), in favor of rechallenge chemotherapy. The most common adverse events of regorafenib was liver function test abnormality and hand–foot syndrome. Although grade 3 or 4 adverse events were similar, non-hematologic toxicities were more common than those of rechallenge.

Conclusions

Rechallenge is still a valuable option against regorafenib in patients who achieved disease control in one of the first two lines of therapy. Even though mCRC patients treated with regorafenib benefited clinically from this treatment, we revealed that chemotherapy rechallenge compared to regorafenib was more effective in the third-line treatment for mCRC patients.

Keywords

Rechallenge Regorafenib Metastatic colorectal cancer Overall survival Progression-free survival Third-line 

Notes

Funding

None.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osman Köstek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammet Bekir Hacıoğlu
    • 2
  • Abdullah Sakin
    • 3
  • Tarık Demir
    • 4
  • Murat Sarı
    • 5
  • Ozlem Ozkul
    • 6
  • Murat Araz
    • 7
  • Aysun Fatma Doğan
    • 1
  • Nazım Can Demircan
    • 1
  • Sernaz Uzunoğlu
    • 1
  • İrfan Çiçin
    • 1
  • Bülent Erdoğan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical OncologyTrakya UniversityEdirneTurkey
  2. 2.Clinic of Medical OncologyKonya Training and Research HospitalKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Okmeydanı Training and Research HospitalClinic of Medical OncologyIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Medical OncologyBezmi Alem Vakıf UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Medical OncologyIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Medical OncologySakarya UniversitySakaryaTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Medical OncologyAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonTurkey

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