A Crouzon syndrome from the Classic period of Maya civilization?

  • Patricia Deps
  • Philippe CharlierEmail author
Letter to the Editor


This article describes a retrospective diagnosis through an artistic representation of a pre-Columbian Central America bowl figuring a child with clinical characteristics of Crouzon syndrome. The report also highlights the importance of icono-diagnosis for a better description of the existing diseases into ancient societies.


Cranial deformities Crouzon syndrome Paleopathology Maya civilization Iconodiagnosis 


Author contributions

PD (professor of dermatology) and PC (associate professor in forensic and medical anthropology)—project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing, and approval of the manuscript.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare that this manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by another journal. The authors declare that the study complies with the current law in France.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Both authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the subject of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Medicine, Health Science CenterFederal University of Espírito SantoVitoriaBrazil
  2. 2.Museum of Quai Branly-Jacques ChiracParisFrance
  3. 3.UFR of Health Science (EA4498 DANTE Laboratory, UVSQ)Montigny-Le-BretonneuxFrance

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