Poland syndrome before Alfred Poland: the oldest medical description (Paris, France, 1803)

  • Philippe Charlier
  • Saudamini Deo
  • Francesco Maria Galassi
  • Nadia BenmoussaEmail author
Letter to the Editor


Here, we present a description of Poland syndrome from the second session of the Anatomical Society (Paris, France) on 11 December 1803 of congenital mammary absence and muscular atrophy on the right side. This case report predates the first official description of the disease published by Alfred Poland in Guy’s Hospital Reports (London, 1841). Consequently, perhaps would it be necessary to do justice to its French discoverer, and to name from now on this nosological entity the “syndrome of Marandel”?


Congenital malformation Retrospective diagnosis Medical anthropology Anatomical anomaly 


Author contributions

PC: projet development, manuscript writing. SD: data analysis, data collection. FG: data analysis, data collection. NB: manuscript writing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest for all co-authors, relative to the subject of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Charlier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Saudamini Deo
    • 1
  • Francesco Maria Galassi
    • 3
  • Nadia Benmoussa
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology (UVSQ/EA4498 DANTE Laboratory)UFR of Health SciencesMontigny-le-BretonneuxFrance
  2. 2.Quai Branly Museum-Jacques ChiracParisFrance
  3. 3.Archaeology, College of Humanities, Arts and Social SciencesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Department of ENTInstitut Gustave RoussyVillejuifFrance

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