Poland syndrome before Alfred Poland: the oldest medical description (Paris, France, 1803)
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Here, we present a description of Poland syndrome from the second session of the Anatomical Society (Paris, France) on 11 December 1803 of congenital mammary absence and muscular atrophy on the right side. This case report predates the first official description of the disease published by Alfred Poland in Guy’s Hospital Reports (London, 1841). Consequently, perhaps would it be necessary to do justice to its French discoverer, and to name from now on this nosological entity the “syndrome of Marandel”?
KeywordsCongenital malformation Retrospective diagnosis Medical anthropology Anatomical anomaly
PC: projet development, manuscript writing. SD: data analysis, data collection. FG: data analysis, data collection. NB: manuscript writing.
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Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest for all co-authors, relative to the subject of this article.
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