Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 133–140 | Cite as

Physical attractiveness: analysis of buttocks patterns for planning body contouring treatment

  • Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou
  • Figen GovsaEmail author
  • Ahmet Bicer
  • Mehmet Asim Ozer
  • Yelda Pinar
Original Article



As buttocks region is one of the most characteristic features of the ideal female body figure, the popularity of gluteal region contouring is on the rise. Perception of body form is influenced by its shape and size. Interventions to modify the form of this region are often difficult due to influence. The aim of this study is to investigate the attractiveness of various buttock shapes with the aid of a dedicated software.


Standard personal photographs of the lower body were obtained from 200 healthy volunteers. Linear analyses were made and anatomical perception was calculated according to reference points.


Compared to males, all measurements concerning buttock dimensions were a significantly greater in females. Proportional assessments revealed that in females, the most attractive buttock waist-to-hip ratio was 0.75 from the posterior view. This ratio was 0.85 in males. From the lateral view, the most attractive buttocks have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.70 in females. Positioning of the lateral prominence at the inferior gluteal fold was rated by 25% of the respondents as the most attractive in males from the posterior view. From the lateral view, the most prominent portion positioned at the midpoint (a 50:50 vertical ratio) was considered the most attractive for females.


These results suggest that utilizing digitalized reference values for a given body region may be an invaluable tool for determination of the correct fat volume, thus individualization of body contouring procedures. With the help of certain software, this research has shown that it is possible to measure the parameters of buttock, which may in turn be used to offer the best solution for any individual in quest for an improved buttocks form. New ideal waist-to-hip ratios of 0.7 update the previous standards.


Buttocks Body contouring Buttock reshaping Thighs Liposuction Cosmetic surgery Lipodystrophy 


Author contributions

GNC: Data collection. FG: Conception and design; writing the article; statistical expertise. AB: Conception and design; writing the article. MAO: Protocol/project development. YP: Data collection and provision of materials.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors certify that they have no potential conflicts of interest with any entity mentioned in this manuscript and that they received no specific financial support for this work.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Digital Imaging and 3D Modelling Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Faculty of MedicineEge UniversityIzmirTurkey

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