Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 441–449 | Cite as

Creation of a Virtual Anatomy System based on Chinese Visible Human data sets

  • Binji Fang
  • Yi Wu
  • Chun Chu
  • Ying Li
  • Na Luo
  • Kaijun Liu
  • Liwen TanEmail author
  • Shaoxiang ZhangEmail author
Teaching Anatomy



Human anatomy learning confronts many difficulties, including the lack of anatomical specimens and limitations in anatomical dissection techniques that can destroy and change the shape and position of anatomic structures. A Virtual Anatomy System can help to overcome these difficulties.


Based on the high-resolution thin-sectional anatomical images of the Chinese Visible Human data set, we created a Virtual Anatomical System, including nearly all male and female anatomical structures.


With this system, medical students can freely observe the detailed anatomical information of the coronal, sagittal, and transverse sections through a 3D-reconstructed realistic model on a personal computer in the local network.


This Virtual Anatomy System is an easy and direct way for students to learn and understand the shape and the relationship of anatomic structures, which can also make the anatomy learning more interesting. Furthermore, it can help students synthetically master the anatomical knowledge.


Virtual anatomy system Virtual surgery Chinese Visible Human Three-dimensional reconstruction Sectional anatomy 



We thank the donors of the cadavers for contributing the body to our study.

Compliance with ethical standards


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81100480 and 61190122) (

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing interests.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 5984 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Digital Medicine, Biomedical Engineering CollegeThird Military Medical UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology, Southwest HospitalThird Military Medical UniversityChongqingChina

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