Combined Y-Shaped Covered Metallic Stents for Gastrobronchial Fistulas Involving the Right Intermediate Bronchus
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Gastrobronchial fistula that involves the right intermediate bronchus is an extremely rare complication of esophagectomy. In this report, two patients with gastrobronchial fistulas around the secondary right carina were treated by combined Y-shaped covered metallic stents. Four covered stents were inserted successfully at the first attempt with no complications. The gastrobronchial fistula was fully sealed in each patient, and they were able to eat without coughing.
KeywordsRespiratory tract fistula Stents Fluoroscopy Postoperative complications
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81501569).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Ethical Approval Statement
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee and Medical Records Management Section of the he First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.
Informed Consent Statement
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.