CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 1743–1750 | Cite as

Image-Guided Thermal Ablation for Non-resectable Recurrence of Renal Cell Cancer Following Nephrectomy: Clinical Experience with Eleven Patients

  • Wenhui Zhou
  • Sanna E. Herwald
  • Raul N. Uppot
  • Ronald S. ArellanoEmail author
Clinical Investigation



To assess the feasibility, safety and clinical outcomes of image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation as salvage therapy for local recurrence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients initially treated surgically with curative intent.

Materials and Methods

A retrospective review of 11 consecutive patients (M/F = 8:3, mean age = 76 years) who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided thermal ablation for locally recurrent RCC after partial (72%, 8/11) or radical nephrectomy (28%, 3/11) with a mean time to recurrence of 48 months (range 2–156). Assessment of technical success, complication (peri- and post-procedural), oncological outcome and survival analysis were performed. Patient baseline and follow-up renal function surrogates including creatinine level (Cr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were statistically compared.


Eleven biopsy-proven recurrent RCC measuring 1.4–3.9 cm (mean = 2.8 cm) were treated with CT-guided thermal ablation. Technical success was achieved in 100% (11/11) of the cases. There were no major complications except for one (9%) asymptomatic hemorrhage (Clavien–Dindo grade I complication). Complete response, local progression-free and overall survival rate were 91, 91 and 82% during the mean follow-up time of 2.5 years (range 0.1–7.1). Renal function was overall stable without significant change at 1 month and last follow-up (p = 0.21; GFR, p = 0.10; creatinine).


Image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation is a feasible, safe and effective for local recurrence after nephrectomy, representing a non-surgical alternative for unresectable disease.


Thermal ablation Recurrent RCC Salvage therapy Nephrectomy 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenhui Zhou
    • 1
  • Sanna E. Herwald
    • 1
  • Raul N. Uppot
    • 2
  • Ronald S. Arellano
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Tufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Harvard Medical SchoolMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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