World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 937–943 | Cite as

Opportunity Lost? Diagnostic Laparoscopy in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database

  • Munizay Paracha
  • Kathryn Van Orden
  • Gregory Patts
  • Jennifer Tseng
  • David McAneny
  • Teviah SachsEmail author
Original Scientific Report



Routine preoperative staging in pancreas cancer is controversial. We sought to evaluate the rates of diagnostic laparoscopy (DLAP) for pancreatic cancer.


We queried the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for patients with pancreas cancer (2005–2013) and compared groups who underwent DLAP, exploratory laparotomy (XLAP), pancreas resection (RSXN) or therapeutic bypass (THBP). We compared demographics, comorbidities, postoperative complications, 30-day mortality (Chi-square P < 0.05) and trends over time (R2 0–1).


We identified 17,138 patients (RSXN 81.8%, XLAP 16.5%, THBP 8.2%, and DLAP 12.9%), with some having multiple CPT codes. Only 10.3% (n = 1432) of RSXN patients underwent DLAP prior to resection. XLAP occurred in 49.5% of non-RSXN patients, of whom 67.1% had no other operation. The percentage of patients undergoing RSXN increased 20.3% over time (R2 0.81), while DLAP decreased 52.6% (R2 0.92). XLAP patients without other operations decreased from 4.2 to 2.4%, although not linearly (R2 0.31). Only 10.3% of XLAP had a diagnostic laparoscopy as well, leaving nearly 90% of these patients with an exploratory laparotomy without RSXN or THBP.


Diagnostic laparoscopy for pancreas malignancy is becoming less common but could benefit a subset of patients who undergo open exploration without resection or therapeutic bypass.


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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Munizay Paracha
    • 1
  • Kathryn Van Orden
    • 1
  • Gregory Patts
    • 2
  • Jennifer Tseng
    • 1
  • David McAneny
    • 1
  • Teviah Sachs
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Boston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Surgical OncologyBoston Medical CenterBostonUSA

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