Proteomic Identification of Biomarkers Associated with Eating Control and Bariatric Surgery Outcomes in Patients with Morbid Obesity
The current therapeutics of morbid obesity could be significantly improved after the identification of novel biomarkers associated with the food addiction endophenotype of obesity and with bariatric surgery outcomes.
We applied differential expression proteomics and enzyme-linked immunosorbent confirmatory assays to identify (a) proteins that varied according to loss of control over eating in morbidly obese patients and (b) proteins that varied between normoweight controls and patients before and 1 year after bariatric surgery.
Clusterin was the only protein that consistently varied according to eating control in patients. Patients showed increased levels of serum amyloid P protein, apolipoprotein A4, serotransferrin, complement factors B and C3 and haptoglobin with respect to controls; the levels of all these proteins tended to return to control values 1 year after surgery. In contrast, apolipoprotein A1 and transthyretin were initially downregulated in patients and were scarcely changed by surgery. Leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein was markedly increased in patients only after surgery.
Clusterin could be of interest as a putative biomarker for food addiction diagnosis in people with morbid obesity. In addition, postsurgical normalization of the proteins initially dysregulated in obese subjects might help monitor clinical improvements after surgery, while lasting or newly detected alterations (i.e., those affecting transthyretin and leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein) could reflect partial refractoriness and/or contribute to the early prediction of clinical problems.
This work was supported by Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain (PI10/00440), and Fundación Universitaria CEU San Pablo/Banco de Santander (PCON01/2015).
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Conflict of interest
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